Surname

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Surname

 

(1) A person’s family name. The surname is acquired at birth; changes in personal status through such circumstances as adoption or marriage may result in a change of surname.

Surnames first became hereditary among the aristocracy of ancient Rome. As a rule, an individual’s surname derived either from his birthplace or from the location of his family landholdings. In Western Europe the use of surnames became common in the 15th century, especially among the upper classes. In Russia, surnames were introduced by law in the 16th century, first for the princes and boyars and later for the dvoriane (nobility) and leading merchants. Only after the abolition of serfdom did surnames come into use among the peasantry.

Under Soviet law, a child’s surname is determined by the surname of his parents. If the parents have different surnames, the child is given either his mother’s or father’s surname by agreement of the parents. If the mother is unmarried and paternity has not been established by a joint declaration of the parents or by a court decision, the child assumes his mother’s surname. The surname of an adopted child may be changed to that of his new family if the adoptive parent so requests. If, however, the child is ten or older, his consent is required before his surname may be altered.

A married couple may share the surname of either spouse, or each spouse may retain his original family name. Some Union republics, such as the Azerbaijan, Byelorussian, and Ukrainian SSR’s, permit married couples to adopt compound surnames consisting of the surnames of both spouses.

In cases of divorce or annulment, the conditions and procedures for changing a surname are prescribed by the laws on marraige and the family. In other situations, changes are regulated by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of Mar. 26, 1971, On the Changing of Surnames, Given Names, and Patronymics by Citizens of the USSR. Changes are also regulated by the Statute on Reviewing Petitions by Citizens of the USSR Regarding Changes of Surnames, Given Names, and Patronymics, which was ratified by the Council of Ministers of the USSR on Aug. 20, 1971.

(2) The Russian word for surname, familiia, may also mean family or clan.

(3) The Russian word for surname, familiia, is also applied to the familia, a Roman economic and legal unit consisting of the extended family and its slaves.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, each family name is divided into one or more clans and in order to identify a person's family name, the identification of the clan is needed.
And, while using a family name may seem important and an obvious choice, one should weigh the risks and benefits of using a surname as a trademark.
I am therefore asking if anyone reading this paper remembers any relative or friend who had the family name of Ditchburn and was also connected to this church.
Daily Telegraph also had previously found out that the 36-year-old al-Jarba's real name, who used in many cases the family name of al-Haraki, was Abu Mohammad al-Shamali.
My family name is Zhang.###wo xing Zhang###wo shing charg.###xing: family name
They are hoping a final plea prior to the burial could see Sion being laid to rest with his family name.
Is it compulsory for my family name to be on the name badge?
Before World War I, the family name of the English royal family was "Saxe Coburg Gotha" indicating their Germanic origin.
"Hopefully when Harry has children he will carry on the family name too." Henry Bolckow, who set up his own iron business in 1840 with his brotherin-law John Vaughan, was also the first MP and mayor of Middlesbrough.
As per the Islamic law, they cannot be treated on par with a biological child." Mufti Arshad Faruqi, chairman of Online Fatwa Department of the seminary said, " Islamic law doesn't allow such a child to use the family name and claim their rights over the wealth of the couple who adopt them.
I suspect my father will be angry that I'm giving up the family name, and I realize that my name doesn't necessarily reflect on me, but going through life connected to those bad things seems like a worse option.
To display several pictures at one time, see the 11x14 Center Family Name engravable frames which accommodate eight pictures with a family name or phrase engraved in the center of the frame.