care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
What is family-centered care? European J Person-centered Health Care 2015;3(2):139-144.
Multivariable regressions in which the medical home dummy was replaced with five dummies, one for each medical home component, showed reduced odds of time burden for three of the components: family-centered care, care coordination, and no problems obtaining needed referrals (Figure 2).
Family-centered care also forms a theoretical framework for the approach to the children with CP!
Patient- and family-centered care is an approach to health care that shapes policies, programs, facility design and staff day-to-day interactions.
The desire of the off site EDs is to create an imminent delivery algorithm, in order to optimize patient safety and quality of care outcomes regardless of the setting and to assure that Patient and Family-Centered Care is maintained.
The level of environmental, structural and procedural process for family-centred care are measured by the raft of very good questionnaires available from the Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care in America (2011), However, these tools do not measure actual perceptions about family-centred care held by parents and staff.
Hospital administrators, consultants, and health care design and planning professionals from the US outline how to work with design firms, the importance of aesthetics, the impact of healing environments on patients, design for family-centered care, benchmarking, efficiency, staff workflow, and process improvement, sustainability and green practices, and transitioning from an old to a new environment.
For example, I talked with nurses in another specialty in which "family-centered care" is the standard and their hospital promotes that it is "family friendly." However, their unit continues to have traditional visiting hours without family members present during physician rounds.
Hazlett said the RCP is instrumental and assures patient-and family-centered care.
That brings us to the issue of patient- and family-centered care. What is it?
Our Host, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, serves the medical needs of infants, children and adolescents with family-centered care, innovative research and outstanding teaching programs.
So this past year, I tried to live and contribute to those values by getting to the second round of interviews for the Nominating Committee, giving two chapter presentations with Clareen Wiencek titled "Reclaiming Our Priorities: Patient- and Family-Centered Care in the ICU" and "Reclaiming Our Priorities: Our Students, Our Futures," and conducting IRB-approved research on the "No Interruption Zone" in two ICUs at my hospital; subsequently my creative solutions poster abstract, "The No Interruption Zone," was accepted for NTI 2008.

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