fantasia

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fantasia

(făntā`zhə) [Ital.,=fancy], musical composition not restricted to a formal design, but constructed freely in the manner of an improvisation. In the 16th and 17th cent., however, the term designated a contrapuntal piece employing imitationimitation,
in music, a device of counterpoint wherein a phrase or motive is employed successively in more than one voice. The imitation may be exact, the same intervals being repeated at the same or different pitches, or it may be free, in which case numerous types of variation
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 and thus was one of the forerunners of the fuguefugue
[Ital.,=flight], in music, a form of composition in which the basic principle is imitative counterpoint of several voices. Its main elements are: (1) a theme, or subject, stated first in one voice alone and then successively in all voices; (2) the continuation of a voice
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. The term is also applied to improvisatory pieces based on earlier works, e.g., Vaughan Williams's Fantasia on "Greensleeves."

Fantasia

 

an instrumental composition characterized by an improvisational opening and the free development of the musical idea. In the 16th century fantasias for the guitar, lute, and keyboards were polyphonic pieces similar to the ricerar and the toccata. In the 17th century the fantasia was influenced by the concerto, symphony, overture, sonata, and rondo forms. In the 17th and 18th centuries it often served as an introduction to another piece—a fugue or sonata—as in Mozart’s Fantasy in C minor. In the 19th century, the fantasia came to resemble the sonata, as in Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata, one of two sonatas with the subtitle “quasi una fantasia.”

Fantasias were often conceived as free versions of the sonata form, examples being the piano fantasias of Schumann and Chopin. At times they resembled the symphonic poem in structure, as in Schubert’s piano fantasia The Wanderer. The fantasia was also popular as a virtuoso piece in which folk melodies or themes from operas and ballets were developed, usually in the form of variations. Examples include Liszt’s piano fantasia based on themes from Mozart’s Don Giovanni and Rimsky-Korsakov’s Fantasy on Russian Themes for violin and orchestra.

Fantasia

music comes to life in animated cartoon. [Am. Cinema: Fantasia in Disney Films, 38–45]
See: Fantasy

fantasia

1. any musical composition of a free or improvisatory nature
2. another word for fancy
References in periodicals archive ?
O carnaval dos cantoes suicos possui barracoes (provisorios) onde ficam as fantasias dos peluches; sao coletivos e neles nao ha segredos, talvez porque nao ha originalidade e esse nao e um valor para as cidades alpinas.
From a visual standpoint, this arrangement looks very much like the Three Madrigal Fantasias. It features the same time signatures and two of the movements are presented using the concert Bb key signature, though one movement is presented in concert C major.
Asi en resumidas cuentas, a pesar de que los criticos han comentado que la novela de Vargas Llosa aspira a presentar la libertad artistica a traves de parodiar los generos populares como pornografia y literatura de masas, lo que llegamos a ver en la novela es que las fantasias no pueden liberar al sujeto de los limites de la realidad y nuestra propia libertad de seguir diferentes destinos solo gira en torno a la tragica autocensura de la mente.
Froberger's Fantasia No 1 on Ut Re Mi Fa Sol La also made prominent use of the Klais organ's most Baroque-sounding stops, occasionally sounding like a charming musical box.
The few pieces unattributed in contemporary sources but previously assigned to him on grounds of style are also included; curiously, two of the unmistakable four-part fantasias are consigned to an appendix, while the two five-part fantasias that occur anonymously in a single source (Nos.
Moreover, the modal and compositional structures described by Santa Maria, and illustrated by his fantasias, are the same that underlie Cabezon's tientos.