Fast

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fast

1. Sport (of a playing surface, running track, etc.) conducive to rapid speed, as of a ball used on it or of competitors playing or racing on it
2. Photog
a. requiring a relatively short time of exposure to produce a given density
b. permitting a short exposure time
3. Cricket (of a bowler) characteristically delivering the ball rapidly

Fast

 

a ban for a certain period of time prescribed by some religions against eating any food or certain types of food, particularly meat, fish, and dairy products. The origin of fasts is connected with restrictions dictated by the cult in the very early class societies. The roots of the practice go back to remote antiquity, when insufficient food demanded self-restrictions in eating, which acquired the form of a ban, or taboo, sanctified by custom.

In modern religions, fasting is based on the doctrine of the preeminence of the spirit over the flesh. In Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, fasting serves to reinforce the piety of the believers.

In Eastern Orthodoxy, four lengthy periods of fasting are prescribed. Lent, or the Great Fast, lasts seven weeks; St. Peter’s Fast continues from one to five weeks, depending on when Easter is observed; the Assumption fast lasts two weeks; and the Christmas fast extends over six weeks. In addition, there are one-day fasts on Wednesday and Friday of each week and on certain other days, such as the vigil of the Epiphany and Holy Cross Day. During a fast, meat and dairy foods are excluded. In all, the Eastern Orthodox Church sanctions about 200 days of fasting per year.

There are no prolonged fasts in Catholicism. Fasts are observed on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and the vigils of Assumption and Christmas. With the exception of the Anglican Church, obligatory fasts are unknown in Protestantism.

In Islam, the main fast is the uraza, during which, throughout the entire month of Ramadan, eating, drinking, and smoking are forbidden each day from sunrise to sunset. There also exist individual fasts, practiced in fulfillment of vows or for “redemption” with regard to violations by the believer of the precepts of the Koran and the sharia.

In Judaism, there are both public fasts, prescribed as a sign of mourning, on days of repentance, and in memory of various events in the history of the people, and individual fasts in fulfillment of a vow.

In present-day circumstances, when for the sake of strengthening the shaky position of religion various churches have modernized their dogmas and liturgies, a more flexible approach has been taken toward fasts, which are not required to be as strictly observed.

A. V. BELOV, L. I. KLIMOVICH, and M. S. BELEN’KII

fast

[fast]
(graphic arts)
A relative term given to the speed of emulsion.

FAST

(body)
Federation Against Software Theft.

FAST

(language)

Fast

An asynchronous communications protocol used to quickly transmit files over high-quality lines. Error checking is done after the entire file has been transmitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abatantuono, anche a causa di un contratto-capestro con il produttore Mario Cecchi Gori, fu sfruttato e bruciato in una serie di mediocri farse, ma la rinascita con le commedie 'impegnate' di Salvatores non rappresenta una vera rivoluzione per chi conosceva bene Fattore.
Newcastle University gets a dose of ska-punk madness on Thursday with Farse and Phinius Gage (pounds 5 in).
Mi riferisco, ad esempio, a prodromi costituiti da autori come Francesco Ricciardi, fecondo inventore di numerose farse e "macchiette", prince of the pulcinellos, fondatore della Neapolitan Company of New York e direttore del teatro Villa Vittorio Emanuele III di Mulberry Street; nonche il ben piu noto Riccardo Cordiferro, pseudonimo di Alessandro Sisca (1875-1940), fondatore, insieme con il padre Francesco, del settimanale La Follia, rivista che ebbe un notevole successo fra i letterati delle colonie italiane di New York, grazie anche alla varieta e alla vivacite dei terni trattati.
http://www.classicitaliani.it/ Il teatro moderno applaudito: ossia raccolta di tragedie, commedie, drammi e farse che godono presentemente del pia alto favore sui pubblici teatri, cosi italiani, come stranieri; corredata di notizie storico-critiche e del gioranle dei teatri di Venezia.
/ Sta a veder che per farse il bide / se usara la Ferrarelle anca par i pie.
Si pensi alle difficolta, per questo motivo, di far conoscere, prima ancora che di apprezzare, testi come quelli di Ruzzante, o quelli delle farse del teatro napoletano del '500, quando si portino al di fuori dell'area meridionale, in Toscana o nei teatri del nord.
Farse giuridiche e antisemitismo a Norimberga alia free del Quattrocento" (19-60); Elena Sala Di Felice, "Il divenire della poetica verdiana.
Una delle prime farse di Dario Fo, Non tutti i ladri vengono per nuocere (1958), e gia presente in un'antologia pubblicata negli Stati Uniti all'inizio degli anni '80 dal titolo Teatro, Prosa, Poesia.