fascia

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Related to fasciae: aponeurosis

fascia

(făsh`ēə), fibrous tissue network located between the skin and the underlying structure of muscle and bone. Fascia is composed of two layers, a superficial layer and a deep layer. Superficial fascia is attached to the skin and is composed of connective tissue containing varying quantities of fat. It is especially dense in the scalp, the back of the neck, and the palms of the hands, where it serves to anchor the skin firmly to underlying tissues. In other areas of the body it is loose and the skin may be moved freely back and forth. Deep fascia underlies the superficial layers, to which it is loosely joined by fibrous strands. It is thin but strong and densely packed, and serves to cover the muscles and to partition them into groups.

Fascia

A broad horizontal member or molding with nominal thickness, projecting from the wall.

Fascia

 

an architectural element in the form of a rectangular projection. Fasciae are seen at the base of columns and as part of cornices. They are not always only decorative elements. A fascia may be used to support the cross pieces forming the icon shelf of an iconostasis or to protect a wall from water seepage. In the latter case, the fascia usually slopes away from the wall, forming a stone drip.


Fascia

 

the connective tissue investing organs, vessels, and nerves and forming the sheaths of muscles in man and other vertebrate animals; it performs supporting and trophic functions.

Superficial, or subcutaneous, fasciae are located under a fatty subcutaneous layer; in man, fasciae under the skin of the sole and the palm and under the scalp form aponeuroses. Deep fasciae invest individual muscles or muscle groups. Outgrowths of deep fasciae form intermuscular barriers, which may serve as points of muscle termination and attachment. In many parts of the body, especially in the extremities, the fascial system acts as a spring. When muscles contract, the fasciae shift their position, compressing or relaxing the neural and vascular sheaths, thus facilitating the flow of blood toward the heart. Some fasciae, such as the endothoracic fascia, line internal cavities. Fasciae are richly supplied with blood vessels and nerves.

fascia

[′fā·shə]
(building construction)
A wide board fixed vertically on edge to the rafter ends or wall which carries the gutter around the eaves of a roof.
(histology)
Layers of areolar connective tissue under the skin and between muscles, nerves, and blood vessels.

fascia, facia

1. Any flat horizontal member or molding with little projection, as the bands into which the architraves of Ionic and Corinthian entablatures are divided.
2. Any relatively narrow vertical surface (but broader than a fillet) which is projected or cantilevered or supported on columns or element other than a wall below. Also see platband.

fascia

, facia
1. the flat surface above a shop window
2. Architect a flat band or surface, esp a part of an architrave or cornice
3. Anatomy fibrous connective tissue occurring in sheets beneath the surface of the skin and between muscles and groups of muscles
4. Biology a distinctive band of colour, as on an insect or plant
5. Brit a less common name for dashboard
References in periodicals archive ?
To simulate the progressive development of the PFDs, ligaments and fasciae are successively impaired/weakened between 0% and 95%.
The results show that the movement of the UVJ is strongly increased after 50% weakness of all the supporting tissues (ligaments and fasciae).
Oakes, "Dissection of a rare accessory muscle of the leg: the tensor fasciae suralis muscle," Clinical Anatomy, vol.
Joshi, "Tensor fasciae suralis--an unusual variation," Biomirror, vol.
Hindwing ground color white; subbasal fascia unmarked; antemedial fascia slender and light brown; medial fasciae broad, grayish brown; postmedial fascia broad, grayish brown and strongly excurved in middle; outer margin cilia medium-long, dark gray; inner margin cilia long, white.
Wings with 4 transverse 8 fasciae. Straight subterminal and subbasal fascia present --.
Coleman, "Role of tensor fasciae latae in abdominal wall reconstruction," Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol.
In an effort to organize nomenclature for fascia provided by the FICAT, we developed a functional classification system which includes four categories of fascia: i) linking, ii) fascicular, iii) compression, and iv) separating fasciae.
Inner area of pronotum with the following fuscous marks: a pair of central longitudinal fasciae slightly broadened at both anterior and posterior ends; a pair of longitudinal indistinct marks between median parts of paramedian fissures and posterior ends of lateral fissures; a pair of fasciae along lateral fissures; and a pair of curved fasciae along lateral margins of inner area.
Mesonotum with a median longitudinal fascia which does not reach anterior margin of cruciform elevation, a pair of small roundish spots enclosing scutal depressions, a pair of fasciae along parapsidal sutures, a pair of irregularly shaped longitudinal fasciae on lateral sigilla, and a pair of tiny spots on anterior margin of mesonotum between the latter two pairs of fasciae.
Mesonotum black with following ochraceous markings: a pair of delicate longitudinal fasciae along inner margins of submedian sigilla; a pair of longitudinal fasciae on lateral sides of parapsidal sutures, which distinctly extending to posterior margin of mesonotum, divided into two branches; a pair of fasciae along lateral margins of mesonotum; a pair of small spots on anterior margins of submedian sigilla; and a pair of small spots on anterior submargins of lateral sigilla.
Mesonotum ochraceous with a median longitudinal fascia broadened at posterior 1/3, a pair of small roundish spots enclosing scutal depressions, a pair of inwardly curved fasciae along parapsidal sutures, and 2 pairs of longitudinally arranged curved fasciae on lateral sigilla, of which posterior one longer, black to fuscous.