necrotizing fasciitis

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necrotizing fasciitis,

a quickly progressing infection of the skin that spreads along the fascia, the tissue that covers the muscles. (Necrotizing infections that spread along the outer skin layers are known as necrotizing cellulitis.) Necrotizing fasciitis is most commonly caused by toxins released by a strain of Group A streptococcal bacteria (S. pyrogenes; see streptococcusstreptococcus
, any of a group of gram-positive bacteria, genus Streptococcus, some of which cause disease. Streptococci are spherical and divide by fission, but they remain attached and so grow in beadlike chains.
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), but it also may be caused by Staphylococcus aureus (see staphylococcusstaphylococcus
, any of the pathogenic bacteria, parasitic to humans, that belong to the genus Staphylococcus. The spherical bacterial cells (cocci) typically occur in irregular clusters [Gr. staphyle=bunch of grapes].
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); other bacteria may also be present.

Popularly known as "flesh-eating disease," the infection typically begins as a warm, very painful red swelling, sometimes at the site of a minor injury. Patients usually have a high fever and may feel ill, dizzy, and confused; the infection spreads rapidly, and tissue in older infected areas turns purplish or black as it dies. Necrotizing fasciitis is treated with surgery (to remove infected tissue) and intravenous antibiotics (high-dose penicillin and clindamycin). If not treated promptly, the toxins produced by the bacteria can cause septic shock and lead to death within 24 hours; roughly 30% of infected patients die.

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Plantar fasciitis is commonly seen in primary care as it accounts for 80% of all heel pain and 10% of all running related injuries.
Crew, even with aggressive standard treatment using antibiotics and surgery to cut away dead tissue, up to 20 percent of patients with necrotizing fasciitis or 'flesh-eating' disease died," said NNFF co-founder and executive director Jacqueline Roemmele.
Surviving the Flesh-Eating Bacteria" underscores the devastating impact of necrotizing fasciitis and the human tragedies and triumphs that result.
shoe inserts and plantar fascia-specific stretching in patients with plantar fasciitis.
We describe a case of nodular fasciitis of the submental area, and we discus the clinical presentation and cytologic, histologic, and radiologic features of this uncommon condition.
Crew presented his breakthrough technique for treating necrotizing fasciitis at the President's Meeting of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh on March 21, 2014.
Necrotising fasciitis is a disease commonly known as flesh-eating disease or flesh-eating bacteria syndrome that attacks the deeper layer of the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
The clinical study participants had on average, experienced chronic plantar fasciitis symptoms for close to 2.
Plantar fasciitis results when connective tissues on the sole of the foot, the plantar fascia, become painfully inflamed.
Scientists wrote in a US medical journal: "Staphylococcus aureus has been a very uncommon cause of necrotising fasciitis, but we have recently noted an alarming number of these infections caused by MRSA.
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare condition, characterized by generalized induration of the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
One trend that has become clear is that long-term success rates, particularly in the case of plantar fasciitis, are dependent upon continuing preventive measures such as stretching, use of orthotics or high quality arch supports, activity modification and maintaining or reaching a healthy weight.