necrotizing fasciitis

(redirected from fasciitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
?Note: This page may contain content that is offensive or inappropriate for some readers.

necrotizing fasciitis,

a quickly progressing infection of the skin that spreads along the fascia, the tissue that covers the muscles. (Necrotizing infections that spread along the outer skin layers are known as necrotizing cellulitis.) Necrotizing fasciitis is most commonly caused by toxins released by a strain of Group A streptococcal bacteria (S. pyrogenes; see streptococcusstreptococcus
, any of a group of gram-positive bacteria, genus Streptococcus, some of which cause disease. Streptococci are spherical and divide by fission, but they remain attached and so grow in beadlike chains.
..... Click the link for more information.
), but it also may be caused by Staphylococcus aureus (see staphylococcusstaphylococcus
, any of the pathogenic bacteria, parasitic to humans, that belong to the genus Staphylococcus. The spherical bacterial cells (cocci) typically occur in irregular clusters [Gr. staphyle=bunch of grapes].
..... Click the link for more information.
); other bacteria may also be present.

Popularly known as "flesh-eating disease," the infection typically begins as a warm, very painful red swelling, sometimes at the site of a minor injury. Patients usually have a high fever and may feel ill, dizzy, and confused; the infection spreads rapidly, and tissue in older infected areas turns purplish or black as it dies. Necrotizing fasciitis is treated with surgery (to remove infected tissue) and intravenous antibiotics (high-dose penicillin and clindamycin). If not treated promptly, the toxins produced by the bacteria can cause septic shock and lead to death within 24 hours; roughly 30% of infected patients die.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis can be established with a thorough history and physical exam.
[ClickPress, Wed Sep 04 2019] Plantar fasciitis is a type of repetitive strain injury which affects people affects people in excessive standing behavior including runners, hikers, and professionals such as cashiers, who have to stand extensively on hard surfaces.
Necrotizing fasciitis is known for leaving infected people with severe injuries, such as lost limbs.
Plantar fasciitis causes pain in the heel due to inflammation of the tissue that connects the heel bone to the base of the toes.
You're more likely to develop plantar fasciitis if you're overweight and/or you have diabetes, high arches or flat feet, or spend a lot of time on your feet.
Three days and three operations later, and Kylei was diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis, which is a flesh-eating bacteria normally found in water.
"We are not discouraging people from spending time at the beach," son Wade Fleming told CNN "We've met many people from Florida who said they've never heard of necrotizing fasciitis."
'I got it checked and it ended up being a tear in my plantar fasciitis,' said Dozier after Phoenix' 101-95 loss to Meralco Friday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.
Necrotising fasciitis is caused when bacteria living in or on the body gets into deep tissue.
We took into consideration for differential diagnosis several scleroderma-like disorders: eosinophilic fasciitis, localized and systemic sclerosis, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, scleromyxedema, scleredema and eosinophilia myalgia syndrome.
Plantar fasciitis is particularly common in runners, overweight and obese individuals, and people who are flat-footed or have unusually high arches.