Fast

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fast

1. Sport (of a playing surface, running track, etc.) conducive to rapid speed, as of a ball used on it or of competitors playing or racing on it
2. Photog
a. requiring a relatively short time of exposure to produce a given density
b. permitting a short exposure time
3. Cricket (of a bowler) characteristically delivering the ball rapidly
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fast

 

a ban for a certain period of time prescribed by some religions against eating any food or certain types of food, particularly meat, fish, and dairy products. The origin of fasts is connected with restrictions dictated by the cult in the very early class societies. The roots of the practice go back to remote antiquity, when insufficient food demanded self-restrictions in eating, which acquired the form of a ban, or taboo, sanctified by custom.

In modern religions, fasting is based on the doctrine of the preeminence of the spirit over the flesh. In Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, fasting serves to reinforce the piety of the believers.

In Eastern Orthodoxy, four lengthy periods of fasting are prescribed. Lent, or the Great Fast, lasts seven weeks; St. Peter’s Fast continues from one to five weeks, depending on when Easter is observed; the Assumption fast lasts two weeks; and the Christmas fast extends over six weeks. In addition, there are one-day fasts on Wednesday and Friday of each week and on certain other days, such as the vigil of the Epiphany and Holy Cross Day. During a fast, meat and dairy foods are excluded. In all, the Eastern Orthodox Church sanctions about 200 days of fasting per year.

There are no prolonged fasts in Catholicism. Fasts are observed on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and the vigils of Assumption and Christmas. With the exception of the Anglican Church, obligatory fasts are unknown in Protestantism.

In Islam, the main fast is the uraza, during which, throughout the entire month of Ramadan, eating, drinking, and smoking are forbidden each day from sunrise to sunset. There also exist individual fasts, practiced in fulfillment of vows or for “redemption” with regard to violations by the believer of the precepts of the Koran and the sharia.

In Judaism, there are both public fasts, prescribed as a sign of mourning, on days of repentance, and in memory of various events in the history of the people, and individual fasts in fulfillment of a vow.

In present-day circumstances, when for the sake of strengthening the shaky position of religion various churches have modernized their dogmas and liturgies, a more flexible approach has been taken toward fasts, which are not required to be as strictly observed.

A. V. BELOV, L. I. KLIMOVICH, and M. S. BELEN’KII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

fast

[fast]
(graphic arts)
A relative term given to the speed of emulsion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

FAST

(body)
Federation Against Software Theft.

FAST

(language)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

Fast

An asynchronous communications protocol used to quickly transmit files over high-quality lines. Error checking is done after the entire file has been transmitted.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
"What's the matter?" "You're very quiet," she replied, and then sank back down into her pillow fast asleep.
"I was fast asleep when I felt something at my foot.
UNTIL now my view has always been that transatlantic travel should involve a business-class seat with me flat out and fast asleep for as much of the journey as possible so when I got the chance to try out Turkish Airlines' new comfort class, I have to admit I was somewhat less than enthusiastic.
There in the rushes were ducks fast asleep, With heads under wings so cosy to keep, And Canadian geese floated smoothly along, And loud honks I heard, to them they belong.
"It only takes a quick closing of the eyes before you're fast asleep and oblivious to the pan catching fire."
Soon he was secure on her back and fast asleep. Sometimes the other kids would clamour for their aeme' time with her, while the aechosen' one, snug as a bug in a rug, would demur.
Once fast asleep, her daughter took over and bought a real earth moving digger for $12,300, the Associated Press reported.
Veronica and Donald Martin were fast asleep when officers smashed down their front door, and caused thousands of pounds of damage by kicking in other doors within the house.
A Colombian thief surprised by a home owner's return hid inside a closet and fell fast asleep until he was discovered and arrested, police in the port city of Barranquilla have said.
Police discovered the man fast asleep at the wheel of a stolen car following a hard night spent robbing houses.
After we've eaten, I get tired and like to go bed with her at my side - but she stays up writing letters, and by the time she comes to bed I'm fast asleep.
While Renaissance artists frequently depict Ariadne bewailing her abandonment by Theseus on the island of Naxos, Giorgia de Chirico shows the princess fast asleep, just before Bacchus wings in on his chariot to rescue her.

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