Fast

(redirected from faster)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

fast

1. Sport (of a playing surface, running track, etc.) conducive to rapid speed, as of a ball used on it or of competitors playing or racing on it
2. Photog
a. requiring a relatively short time of exposure to produce a given density
b. permitting a short exposure time
3. Cricket (of a bowler) characteristically delivering the ball rapidly

Fast

 

a ban for a certain period of time prescribed by some religions against eating any food or certain types of food, particularly meat, fish, and dairy products. The origin of fasts is connected with restrictions dictated by the cult in the very early class societies. The roots of the practice go back to remote antiquity, when insufficient food demanded self-restrictions in eating, which acquired the form of a ban, or taboo, sanctified by custom.

In modern religions, fasting is based on the doctrine of the preeminence of the spirit over the flesh. In Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, fasting serves to reinforce the piety of the believers.

In Eastern Orthodoxy, four lengthy periods of fasting are prescribed. Lent, or the Great Fast, lasts seven weeks; St. Peter’s Fast continues from one to five weeks, depending on when Easter is observed; the Assumption fast lasts two weeks; and the Christmas fast extends over six weeks. In addition, there are one-day fasts on Wednesday and Friday of each week and on certain other days, such as the vigil of the Epiphany and Holy Cross Day. During a fast, meat and dairy foods are excluded. In all, the Eastern Orthodox Church sanctions about 200 days of fasting per year.

There are no prolonged fasts in Catholicism. Fasts are observed on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and the vigils of Assumption and Christmas. With the exception of the Anglican Church, obligatory fasts are unknown in Protestantism.

In Islam, the main fast is the uraza, during which, throughout the entire month of Ramadan, eating, drinking, and smoking are forbidden each day from sunrise to sunset. There also exist individual fasts, practiced in fulfillment of vows or for “redemption” with regard to violations by the believer of the precepts of the Koran and the sharia.

In Judaism, there are both public fasts, prescribed as a sign of mourning, on days of repentance, and in memory of various events in the history of the people, and individual fasts in fulfillment of a vow.

In present-day circumstances, when for the sake of strengthening the shaky position of religion various churches have modernized their dogmas and liturgies, a more flexible approach has been taken toward fasts, which are not required to be as strictly observed.

A. V. BELOV, L. I. KLIMOVICH, and M. S. BELEN’KII

fast

[fast]
(graphic arts)
A relative term given to the speed of emulsion.

FAST

(body)
Federation Against Software Theft.

FAST

(language)

Fast

An asynchronous communications protocol used to quickly transmit files over high-quality lines. Error checking is done after the entire file has been transmitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, faster increases in the prices of the following food groups were seen during the second quarter: rice, fish, fruits and vegetables, and miscellaneous food stuff.
Maritime police stations and their vessels also installed a signal light stick to react faster to reports.
Miles Roberts, chief executive of Raphaels Bank, commented: "Raphaels is enormously proud to be the first new member of Faster Payments since its inception in 2008, a clear demonstration of our commitment to enabling innovation in payments and opening up access to the expanding fintech and payments industry."
More users on faster networks are accessing advanced data services like internet video calls, mobile payment and tethering compared to users on slower networks.
In CPU-intensive test such as MathematicaMark and CineBench CPU, the ultimate Retina MacBook Pro was 13 and 14.5 percent faster, respectively, than the standard system.
Beamazed 7g, Malcolm Jefferson soft/heavy 81015 good to soft or faster 37092 Stepped up markedly on what he had achieved previously on a decent surface when runner-up in a competitive handicap chase on his reappearance.
A technology that helps them work even faster and enjoy a more robust wireless data experience," said Melanie Braidich, regional president of Verizon Wireless.
By attaining optimum cure, Schulman's proprietary Better Parts Faster (BPF) compounding technology is said to attain the best physical properties while shortening oven cycle times up to 25% and decreasing cooling times about 10% compared with conventional methods.
New security rules help fliers board faster. New security rules for carry-on bags have eased congestion inside jetliners, allowing travelers to board planes faster.
school demonstrated that students with the most daylight in their classrooms progressed 20% faster on math comprehension and 26% faster on reading comprehension tests in one year, compared with those with minimal exposure to natural light.
So the work gets done faster. Almost every successful, speedy organization is small or started small.
However, before deciding to pay off a mortgage faster, homeowners should consider the tax implications of losing mortgage interest payments at a faster than normal rate.