Fauna


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to Fauna: flora

Fauna,

in Roman religion: see Bona DeaBona Dea
, in Roman religion, ancient fertility goddess worshiped only by women; also called Fauna. She was said to be the daughter, sister, or wife of Faunus. No man could be present at her annual festival in May.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Fauna

 

the aggregate of animal species inhabiting a particular region. The fauna of a region evolves historically from various animal groups known as faunistic complexes. It is usually difficult and sometimes even impossible to ascertain the origin of a faunistic complex; as a result, determination of whether certain species belong to a given complex is generally based on the similarity of the ranges of the animals.

There are tundra, taiga, nemoral, forest, steppe, semidesert, desert, pantropic, palaeotropical, and other faunistic complexes. The faunistic complexes constituting a given fauna may vary in number. For example, the steppe fauna is made up of the predominant steppe faunistic complex, a complex of cosmopolitan species, and representatives of complexes predominant in other faunas, for example, nemoral and desert complexes. The steppe faunistic complex, in turn, consists of several groups: endemic animals, animals that are not endemic but occupy zonal habitats in the steppe zone and do not range far from the zone, and animals that range relatively far from the zone but are very abundant in the zone. Every region has autochthonous species, whose origin is linked to the region, and immigrant species. Thus, the fauna of a region consists of species of different origin that came to the region by different routes and at different times. The species constituting a fauna occupy a given habitat. For example, the desert fauna includes inhabitants of clayey deserts, sandy deserts, stony deserts, solonetzes, solonchaks, lakes, rivers, and river valleys overgrown with tugais.

One of the principal means of studying a fauna is to take an inventory to determine the number of species constituting the fauna. The end result of fauna research is faunistic or zoogeographic regionalization of the earth or its individual regions.

The term “fauna” should not be confused with animal population—that is, the aggregate of animals that form a community characterized both by species diversity and by a large number of individuals (for example, in a tropical rain forest, high-grass savanna, or spruce forest). The term “fauna” is also applied to animals of different taxonomic categories (for example, the bird fauna or beetle fauna of a particular region), to the animals of a particular period (recent fauna, Myocene fauna), and, in geology, to the remains of animals from certain strata of earth.

Faunas are also studied by a branch of zoogeography called faunisties or faunistic zoogeography. Comprehensive treatises on the animals of an area are also called faunas, for example, the USSR fauna and the Tadzhikistan fauna.

REFERENCES

Geptner, V. G. Obshchaia zoogeografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Bobrinskii, N. A., and N. A. Gladkov. Geografiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Kucheruk, V. V. “Stepnoi faunisticheskii kompleks mlekopitaiu-shchikh i ego mesto v faune Palearktiki.” In Geografiia naseleniia nazemnykh zhivotnykh i metody ego izucheniia. Moscow, 1959.
Voronov, A. G. Biogeografiia. Moscow, 1963.
Darlington, F. Zoogeografiia. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from English.)
Lattin, G. de. Grundriss der Zoogeographie. Jena, 1967.

A. G. VORONOV

fauna

[′fȯn·ə]
(zoology)
Animals.
The animal life characteristic of a particular region or environment.

fauna

1. all the animal life of a given place or time, esp when distinguished from the plant life (flora)
2. a descriptive list of such animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Somado a isso, ao se avaliar a suficiencia amostral para avaliacao da biodiversidade, sao necessarios estudos em diferentes areas ou usos do solo, visto que a diversidade e a abundancia da fauna do solo podem variar de acordo com o tipo de uso do solo (AYUKE et al., 2011; JEREZ-VALLEA et al., 2014).
After her summer internship with the Fauna Foundation is completed in August, Glanz is off to Ranomafana National Park in Madagascar to study lemurs, sustainable development, Malagasy culture and language, and Madagascar's biodiversity.
Starting May 1, 2020, the commemorative 'Pilipino,' 'ABL' and 'Flora and Fauna' coins in sets and in individual packaging shall be considered demonetized.
The Safari Zoo Lahore in comparison to Jallo Wildlife Park, Lahore and Safari Park, Karachi supports more diverse avian fauna i.e., more number of bird species, that might be due to diverse habitats and variety of food enrichment that support more diverse avifauna.
He regretted that the tens of thousands of tourists visit Deosai but do not care about its fauna and flora.
The event and lead up to it, is also considered as an opportunity to raise awareness among Sri Lankans on trade in wild fauna and flora, and the need for conservation of rich biodiversity in the country.
The Prime Minister's focal person on climate change lauded the International Union for Conservation of Nature - Pakistan (IUCN - Pakistan) for joining government's efforts for initiating the intensive consultation process for amendments and upgradation of the Pakistan Wildlife Trade Control Act of Fauna and Flora 2012 over last several months.
The Animal Party has called on the government to withdraw the bill altogether as they are also concerned that proposed bill gives the game and fauna service and the police the authority to issue fines to hunters breaking the law.
John Harris, Director, Wildlife Experiences/President, FNCV: From Colonisation to Napthine: Changes in Victoria's Mammal Fauna over time.
Fauna was started in 2011 in Mexicali and is distributed in major markets across Mexico.
Com isso, o objetivo do trabalho foi analisar o conhecimento local de uma familia agricultora quanto a fauna edafica e sua relacao com as praticas de manejo, identificando os grupos taxonomicos dos organismos, suas relacoes com as propriedades quimicas do solo, em um sistema de producao de base ecologica de hortalicas.