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(fō`vĭzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.


See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an avant-garde movement in French painting of the early 20th century. The ironic epithet les fauves (“the wild beasts”) was given by critics to a group of painters including H. Matisse, P.-A. Marquet, G. Rouault, M. de Vlaminck, A. Derain, R. Dufy, G. Braque, and K. van Dongen, who exhibited their works at the Salon d’Automne in Paris in 1905.

In contrast to German expressionism, fauvism had neither a consciously adopted program nor a moral or philosophical orientation, but rather represented a purely aesthetic protest against 19th-century artistic traditions and an affirmation of an independent new outlook on painting. The fauves, who painted in various styles, were united for a short period, from 1905 to 1907, by their attraction to terse graphic forms, intense color contrasts, pronounced compositional rhythms, and a decorative and laconic technique, as well as a search for new inspiration in primitive, medieval, and Oriental art.


Leymarie, J. Le Fauvisme. [Geneva, 1959.]
Muller, J.-E. Le Fauvisme. Paris [1967].
Diehl, G. The Fauves. New York, 1975.
Oppler, E. C. Fauvism Reexamined. New York, 1976.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Matisse, Danse 1." Khan Academy: Fauvism and Matisse, www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-1010/early-abstraction/fauvism-matisse/a/matisse-dance-i.
Fauvism does not consist simply of the use of arbitrary colours but is created by the painter's realization that a harmony of colours unconnected with reality expresses the relationship between his ego and the world'.
William was exposed to Fauvism as early as 1911 during his studies in Paris (he and Marguerite met there while they were taking classes at the Academie de la Palette.
Fauvism threw a challenge but could only finish second.
We refer to Fauvism, Expressionism, Surrealism and, to a certain extent, Cubism and Abstract Art in general.
Those interested in Dali's surrealist style can concentrate on Rostom's pieces; or, for those fans of fauvism, check out Ibrahim El Tanbouli's paintings.
Armed with watercolor sketches from nature, he moved the studio indoors and used mosaic-like squares of pure color to compose large scenes that would influence the works of van Gogh and Gauguin, inspire Matisse, and affect the evolution of future art movements, from fauvism to cubism.
Hedayat et al, also reported a higher incidence of fauvism in O positive blood group patients25 where-as Meloni et al, disagreed any association between G6PD deficiency and blood group.16
Chapter v deals with modernism and British little reviews: Arts and Crafts, Symbolism, Rhythm (1911-13) which, despite its title, focused on the visual arts and contemporary artists: Picasso, several others associated with Fauvism, the future Vorticist, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and the Scottish artist Fergusson who became the artistic director.
Modern Art In the 20th century, experimentation became more radical, and movements such as fauvism, surrealism, cubism, expressionism, and abstract painting grew and grew.
Deeply influenced by the work of Paul Gauguin, they used bold colour, clear line and direct perspective and developed a distinctive style which proved influential to many of the major modernist movements that followed, including Fauvism and Expressionism.
(As an aside, fauvism, cubism, futurism, expressionism and much else was already long past; two decades earlier Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon made manifest the interest that artists in Paris had in Native art, in their case African; if the Group of Seven had been up to speed they might have found in the vitality of Canadian Native art something that could be usefully explored, borrowed from, and even traded in, as Emily Carr had begun to do.) Besides, English disdain for French opinion would be quite prevalent in an English colony at the time.