favism


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favism

[′fä‚viz·əm]
(medicine)
An acute hemolytic anemia, usually in persons of Mediterranean area descent, occurring when an individual with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency of erythrocytes eats the beans or inhales the pollen of Vicia faba.
References in periodicals archive ?
12) However, in our patient his advanced age and negative past medical history for favism, as well as the difficulty in obtaining an assay over the weekend led us to use methylene blue.
6%) that is in agreement with Schilliro17 whereas Katomis et al, never observed cases of favism that were induced by pollen inhalation.
A 7-day course of nitrofurantoin has similar efficacy to TMP/SMX and is compatible with breastfeeding, but it should be avoided in populations at risk for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (also known as favism, most often found in patients of Mediterranean or African descent) (SOR: C, extrapolation from studies in nonlactating women and disease-oriented outcomes).
However, there exists a significant volume of information on the favism, which is higher than the available one about the different medicines that might produce it.
Additional factors affecting digestibility of various legumes include: saponins, protease inhibitors, lathyrogens, phytohaemagglutinins, favism, and cyanogenic glucosides as reported by Gupta (1987).
In the following chapters, we travel to Sardinia where favism is still evident today (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency) and discover why the 'disease' became a buffer against malaria.