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see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
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a state system in which a single sovereign state is composed of several united states, each of which juridically maintains a certain degree of political independence. Historically, the first bourgeois federation was the USA, established by the Constitution of 1787. Other federations include the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, India, Pakistan, Burma, Malaysia, Australia, and Nigeria. The USSR, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic are socialist federations.

A federation is marked by the following features: (1) territorial extent, a federation is coextensive with the area occupied by its individual members—its states, cantons, Lander, union republics, or other territorial units; (2) the member states of a federation usually have the right to adopt their own constitution; (3) the limits between federal and state jurisdiction are set forth in the federal constitution; (4) each member state of a federation has its own laws and judicial system; and (5) in most federations, a person is simultaneously a citizen of the union and a citizen of one of its united states. Some federations have a bicameral system in which one chamber represents the interests of the federation’s member states.

Socialist federations, which differ radically from bourgeois federations, are based on another principle entirely. In the USSR and in the socialist countries, for the first time in history the state system of federation has become the basis for resolving the national question. The socialist federations are based on the principle of national territoriality and the voluntary union of the sovereign and equal members of the federation, each member having the right to secede from the federation. The development and organization of national states have been influenced by the historical experience of the socialist countries, and particularly of the USSR; this influence is evident in some countries, such as Burma and India, that were freed from colonial dependence and that formed a type of federation consistent with their national makeup.


1. the union of several provinces, states, etc., to form a federal union
2. a political unit formed in such a way
3. any league, alliance, or confederacy
References in periodicals archive ?
The significance is that the Federationist position was consistent with the class politics which had marked the SPC, and then the CCF.
On 11 June 1920 the BC Federationist published an article entitled "Parliament or Soviets?
Having 'made Federation a burning political process' (87) but suffered personally in the process, Moran was reluctant to become directly involved in the 1898 referendum campaign, despite pleas from federationists.
A decade after its inception, the organization was retired, ostensibly deemed redundant by the emergence of One Big Union of all workers, but in reality a casualty of the struggle for control over the Federation's property, including the coveted Federationist.
While business interests were pleased, the British Columbia Federationist accused the government of pandering to employer demands.
18) BC Federationist, 7 November, 14 November, 5 December 1913.
Trotter, "Personally Conducted Printers' Tour of Canada," American Federationist, February 1929; John W.
As we have seen, Curtis's ideas drew heavily on the campaigns of the imperial federationists of the 1880s and early 1890s.
In 1897-98, the Constitution's framers, all committed federationists (the majority directly elected by the colonies' voters), spent close to a total of four months in meetings around the country, spread out over a full year.
For many years Catholic activists, including Federationists, had been advocating proportional representation because they believed it would provide the Catholic Church with direct representation in parliament.
The federationists made a crucial decision: among the powers that the six colonies would not cede to the national government were the powers to determine land use and powers over Indigenous welfare.
We recognize the impact of the spirit of the nation's organized blind and are honored to walk alongside the Federationists in celebration of their independence and to assist in the creation of opportunities.

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