Feijoa

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Feijoa

 

(also Acca), a genus of shrubby evergreen plants of the family Myrtaceae. There are three known species, growing in subtropical regions of South America. One species, F. sellow-iana, has been cultivated in Europe since the end of the 19th century. It is cultivated in many countries having a subtropical climate. In the USSR the plant is grown in Western Georgia, in the Sochi region, and on the southern coast of the Crimea.

The shrub reaches a height of 3 m and has a dense, spreading crown. The leaves are opposite, entire, and elliptical; the undersides bear silvery hairs and aromatic glandules. The bisexual, axillary flowers have crimson or pink stamens and are solitary, paired, or in inflorescences. Flowering begins in May and continues for about two months. The fruits are dark-green berries with a waxy coating; they are 4–7 cm long and 3–5 cm wide. Their thick, juicy pulp is tart and has the scent of strawberry or pineapple. The berries ripen in October and November. They contain 5.12–10.46 percent sugars, 1.5–3.6 percent malic acid, and about 2.5 percent pectin; there are 2.06–3.9 mg of iodine per kg. The fruits are eaten fresh or in processed form (jam, wine); they keep for no more than a month. Adult plants can withstand temperatures as low as –12°C; they are drought resistant but do not tolerate excessive lime or moisture in the soil. The following high-quality varieties have been developed in the USSR: No. 89-VIR, Nikitskii aromatnyi, and Krymskii rannii.

Propagation is by seed, cuttings, or grafts. Fruiting first occurs in the fourth or fifth year. The yield is about 10 tons per hectare. F. sellowiana is used to beautify parks.

REFERENCES

Ekimov, V. P. Subtropicheskoe plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.

A. D. ALEKSANDROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Use slices of unpeeled carambola or babaco, or peeled and sliced feijoa, guava, kiwi, mango, papaya, or pepino.
The most direct way to enhoy feijoas is to scoop out the fresh soft pulp and tender seeds with a spoon and eat.
In this case, the data for the dimensions of 10 leaves collected from 60 feijoa tree genotypes were submitted to one-way ANOVA, using GENES Software.
There is no information on infestation level, phenology and taxonomy of species related to feijoa. Thus, further studies are needed to provide a better understanding of the population dynamics of fruit flies in this host.
Colombia and New Zealand are among the largest feijoa producers, and these countries have made significant advances in the breeding of the species (THORP & BIELESKI, 2002).
In southern Brazil, the feijoa plant blossoms between October and January (DUCROQUET; HICKEL, 1991) and petal taste changes according to the different stages of anthesis (SAZIMA; SAZIMA, 2007).
Feijoa orchards are damaged by different insect pests, especially the South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (Rosa et al.
Feijoa sellowiana derived natural Flavone exerts anticancer action displaying HDAC inhibitory activities.
Abstract: The feijoa, Acca sellowiana, is a native fruit species from Southern Brazil.
En Nueva Zelanda se encuentran postres, helados, bebidas como el vino de feijoa y chips de frutas secas en mezclas con cereales.