In reviewing this literature, several concerns emerge for this writer: 1) sample representativeness is problematic when researching issues as socially charged as sexual orientation, 2) the ethical considerations that must be made in human research often result in correlative data which makes causative inference problematic, 3) conceiving of individuals' sexual orientations in binary terms may be overly simplistic and potentially misleading, 4) there is a paucity of information regarding bisexuality and female homosexuality
, and 5) there seems to be an increasing focus on physiological mechanisms of origin for sexual orientation without regard for the role that familial/social/cultural environments may play in this process.
Notably, in his seminal work Female Homosexuality
: A Psychodynamic Study of Lesbianism (1954), Dr.
It was found that those students who had not received any kind of education about male or female homosexuality
exhibited a higher level of social distance when compared to those who had received some kind of education, either formal or informal (Table 1).
* Female Homosexuality
: Terminology and Statistics;
Instead, he intended the parallel to function on a more general level: Since there are no Old Testament Laws prohibiting female homosexuality
, why does Paul include it here?...
Fewer than 3% agreed with statements that lesbians and gay men "just can't fit into society" and that lesbians and gay men are "sick" Only 35 social workers (11.2%) believed that "female homosexuality
is a sin" and 28 (9.0%) believed that "male homosexuality is a sin." Seven of 10 of the social workers agreed that laws regulating the private behavior of lesbians and gay men should "be loosened," and eight of 10 agreed that neither female nor male homosexuality is a problem "unless society makes it a problem."
Almost 17% (16.9%, n=480) of the respondents agreed with the statement "female homosexuality
is a sin." Similarly, 15.8% (n =449) of those surveyed disagreed with the statement that "male homosexuality is merely a different kind of lifestyle that should not be condemned." This is an important issue of professional ethics and values.
How many feel restricted by the prevailing attitude regarding female homosexuality
in the African American community?
She said: "My research for many years has focused on male and female homosexuality
, though idealized, is viewed without snideness or superiority, and Nuti reveals a mild but pleasantly "feminine" side to his character.
She concludes: "Joyce's blindness to the sexuality of his friends and supporters in the early 1920s allowed him to maintain the phobic confusions of the modern understanding of female homosexuality
On Villette see Jeffrey Merrick, "The Marquis de Villette and Mademoiselle de Raucourt: Representations of Male and Female Homosexuality
in Late Eighteenth-Century France," in Homosexuality in Modern France, ed.