The dipole had a significant increase from 0.82818 D of cadusafos to 7.50611 D, relative to fenitrothion
The commonly used Organophosphates are Parathion, Malathion, Fenitrothion
, Methyl parathion, Diazinon, Dichlorvos, Phosmet etc.
Two applications of Nativo[R] fungicide (Trifloxystrobin and Tebuconazole) and two of Pirephos[R] insecticides (esfenvalerate + fenitrothion
) and Karate Zeon 50CS[R] (lambdacyhalothrin) were also used to control pests.
These include chlorpyriphos, endosulfan, pirimophos-methyl, fipronil, deltamethrin, dimethoate, methomyl, methidathion, fenitrothion
, Salut, carbaryl, beta-cyfluthrin, acephate, emamectin benzoate and imidacloprid (Abraham et al., 1998; Ajlan et al., 2000; Abo-El-Saad et al., 2001, 2011; Al-Rajhy et al., 2005; Al-Shawaf et al., 2010; Al-Jabr et al., 2013).
Exposure to fenitrothion
causes malfunctions of Spodoptera exigua Hubner (Lep.: Noctuidae) eggs.
Limaye, "Fabrication of electrochemical nanosensor based on polyaniline film-coated AgNP-MWCNT-modified GCE and its application for trace analysis of fenitrothion
," Ionics, vol.
30% + fenvalerate 10%) were sprayed twice, at a rate of 50 mL/L of [H.sub.2]O, to control whiteflies, aphids, and red spider mites.
Organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) of fenitrothion
, fenthion, and phoxim were purchased from Beijing Agricultural Environmental Protection Center, the structure of them are shown in Figure 1.
The study reported 1 area with some resistance to the organophosphate fenitrothion
Only green tea polyphenols (as an example for natural polyphenols) or butylated hydroxytoluene (as an example for artificial polyphenols) were found to attenuate toxicity of a mixture (C, fenitrothion
, and lambda cyhalothrin) against male rats (12).
The most frequently used phosphate esters are malathion, parathion, phosmet, tetrachlorvinphos, azamethiphos, methyl parathion, diazinon, azinphos methyl, and fenitrothion