fennel

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fennel,

common name for several perennial herbs, genus Foeniculum vulgare of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), related to dill. The strawlike foliage and the seeds are licorice-scented and are used (especially in Italian cooking) for flavoring. Sweet fennel, or finocchio, is a variety with a thick, bulb-based stalk eaten like celery. In literature and legend fennel is a symbol of flattery, a remedy for failing eyesight, and an aphrodisiac. Its inflorescence is a flat-topped umbel of yellow florets. Fennel-flower, a member of the buttercup family, also produces aromatic seeds. The dog fennels are members of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family). Fennel is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Apiales, family Umbelliferae.
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fennel

fennel

A famous edible seasoning that calms the digestive and nervous system while activating digestive juices- great for anyone with gas, flatulence, indigestion, hard time digesting food, use plant seeds with strong aroma- like fennel seeds, anise seeds, dill seeds, cumin seeds, mustard seeds… aromatic seeds activate digestive fire. Fennel leaf tea lowers blood pressure without reducing heart rate. Seeds increase libido and milk production. Seeds also used as “licorice” because of the anise taste. Used for coughs and colic in children. Helps cancer patients rebuild digestive system after radiation and chemotherapy. Also used for kidneys, liver, spleen, lungs. Grows up to 7 feet tall (2.5m) Be careful not to confuse fennel with poison hemlock! Fennel has yellowish flowers and a licorice smell, while poison hemlock has white flowers, smells bad and has purple splotches on the stem. Yellow fennel flowers are eye candy with a subtle licorice flavor, much like the herb itself. Seeds can be easily stored and used in salads, soups, dressings. Fennel takes away appetite, so taking some before meals helps you eat less. Do not eat while pregnant.

fennel

[′fen·əl]
(botany)
Foeniculum vulgare. A tall perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; a spice is derived from the fruit.

fennel

1. a strong-smelling yellow-flowered umbelliferous plant, Foeniculum vulgare, whose seeds and feathery leaves are used to season and flavour food
2. another name for mayweed
References in periodicals archive ?
In a pan, about 9 by 13 inches, mix apple juice, lemon juice, 1 tablespoon fennel seed, and oil.
Add lentils, water, carrots, celery, tomatoes and their liquid, basil, thyme, bay, fennel seed, and pepper.
I'm very excited about the new Little Remedies Advanced Colic Relief Drops, as it's a chamomile herbal blend with fennel seed extract and lemon balm which is great for colicky babies.
INGREDIENTS 15g unsalted butter 1 tbsp olive oil 1 large onion - peeled and diced 2 tbsp cognac 1 tsp fennel seeds 1 large chicken breast 750g lean pork mince 75g cherries - pitted and cut into eighths 2 tbsp parsley finely chopped 25g pistachios - shelled and roughly chopped 14 rashers unsmoked bacon, stretched with the back of a cook's knife until half as long again Salt and pepper METHOD 1.
Serves 4 Prep: 20 minutes Cook: 30-40 minutes MAPLE ROASTED VEG 150g (5oz) pack baby carrots with green tops, scrubbed 400g (14oz) baby "Anya" potatoes, scrubbed 1 teaspoon fennel seeds 4 teaspoons pumpkin seeds 2 tablespoons maple syrup 2 tablespoons olive oil Salt flakes and freshly ground black pepper SalaD 250g (9oz) pack "ready to eat" mixed grains 100g (4oz) spinach, rocket and watercress salad 100g (4oz) blueberries 100g (4oz) feta cheese, crumbled into small pieces DRESSING 3 tablespoons olive oil 1 tablespoon red wine vinegar 1 teaspoon maple syrup 1 teaspoon wholegrain mustard Method 1 Preheat the oven to 200C/400F/Gas Mark 6.
It pairs full-color photos (many full-page) with recipes that require access only to basic spices (cumin, fennel seeds, coriander, and more), and while access to an Asian market for the occasional specialty item (such as dried curry leaves) is recommended, it's not a requirement to appreciate the easy dishes.
PORK, BAY, WATERCRESS (SERVES 8-10) INGREDIENTS 2kg pork cheeks 3 medium cooking chorizo sausages 4 country-style pork sausages 5 rashers streaky bacon, roughly diced 1/2tbsp fennel seeds 1/2tbsp caraway seeds 2 fennel bulbs, cut into quarters 500g tinned peeled plum tomatoes 5 garlic cloves, peeled 2 large red onions, finely chopped 1/2 head of celery, roughly chopped 2 bay leaves 1/2 rosemary branch 250ml apple juice 750ml chicken stock Salt and freshly ground black pepper Cooked cannellini beans To serve: Aioli Watercress METHOD PREHEAT the oven to 225C/ Gas 7.
SERVES 6 | 1 tbsp olive oil | Knob of unsalted butter | 1 onion, finely chopped | 2 garlic cloves, finely chopped | Few sprigs of fresh thyme, leaves stripped | 1 tsp fennel seeds | 2 tbsp plain flour | 250ml cider | 150ml hot chicken stock | 300ml creme fraiche | 500g leftover ham, shredded/chopped | 200g cooked peeled chestnuts, roughly chopped | Small handful of fresh flat-leaf parsley, leaves chopped | 400g penne (or any) dried pasta | 5 tbsp fresh breadcrumbs | 60g Parmesan, grated METHOD 1.
INGREDIENTS For the lamb burgers: 900g (1 3/4lb) lean minced lamb 2 garlic cloves, crushed 1 red onion, grated 1/4 tsp ground turmeric 1/2 tsp ground cumin 1 tsp fennel seeds, crushed 1 piece fresh ginger, 3cm long, peeled and grated 1 red chilli, de-seeded and finely chopped 2 tsp fresh mint leaves, chopped 2 tsp chopped coriander 2 egg yolks 1 pinch salt 1 pinch of pepper FOR THE YOGHURT SAUCE: 1/2 cucumber, grated 300g (10oz) low fat natural yoghurt 1 large ripe tomato, chopped 1 tbsp fresh coriander, chopped 1 tbsp fresh mint, chopped To serve: T8 wholemeal pitta breads METHOD: 1.
Dhruv Baker's TANDOORI CHICKEN Serves 4 WHAT YOU NEED: 4 poussins, spatchcocked (ask your butcher to do this for you) 2 limes, halved Naan bread, to serve Sliced red onions, to serve For the first marinade: 2 tbsp garlic and ginger paste Juice of 1 lime 1 tsp chilli powder 1 tsp ground turmeric 1 tsp ground white pepper 4 tbsp vegetable oil 1 tsp salt For the second marinade: 1 tsp paprika 1 tsp fennel seeds 1 tsp ground cumin 1 tsp ground coriander 1 tsp garam masala 250g Greek yoghurt Juice of 1 lemon Salt and freshly-ground black pepper Mix together all the ingredients for the first marinade and rub all over the poussins.
Make the fennel syrup by coarsely grinding the fennel seeds.
Fennel seeds: Consumption of fennel seeds has been an ancient way of decreasing appetite.