badger

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Related to ferret badger: honey badger, Melogale

badger,

name for several related members of the weaselweasel,
name for certain small, lithe, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae (weasel family). Members of this family are generally characterized by long bodies and necks, short legs, small rounded ears, and medium to long tails.
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 family. Most badgers are large, nocturnal, burrowing animals, with broad, heavy bodies, long snouts, large, sharp claws, and long, grizzled fur. The Old World badger, Meles meles, is found in Europe and in Asia N of the Himalayas; it is about 3 ft (90 cm) long, with a 4-in. (10-cm) tail, and weighs about 30 lb (13.6 kg). Its unusual coloring, light above and dark below, is unlike that of most mammals but is found in some other members of the family. The head is white, with a conspicuous black stripe on each side. European badgers live, often in groups, in large burrows called sets, which they usually dig in dry slopes in woods. They emerge at night to forage for food; their diet is mainly earthworms but also includes rodents, young rabbits, insects, and plant matter. The American badger, Taxidea taxus, is about 2 ft (60 cm) long, with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail and weighs 12 to 24 lb (5.4–10.8 kg); it is very short-legged, which gives its body a flattened appearance. The fur is yellowish gray and the face black, with a white stripe over the forehead and around each eye. It is found in open grasslands and deserts of W and central North America, from N Alberta to N Mexico. It feeds largely on rodents and carrion; an extremely swift burrower, it pursues ground squirrels and prairie dogs into their holes, and may construct its own living quarters 30 ft (9.1 m) below ground level. American badgers are solitary and mostly nocturnal; in the extreme north they sleep through the winter. Several kinds of badger are found in SE Asia; these are classified in a number of genera. Badgers are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Mustelidae.

badger

[′baj·ər]
(design engineering)
(engineering)
A tool used inside a pipe or culvert to remove any excess mortar or deposits.
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of eight species of carnivorous mammals in six genera comprising the subfamily Melinae of the weasel family (Mustelidae).

badger

backwater valve: installation
1. A tool used inside a pipe or culvert to remove excess mortar or deposits.

badger

1. any of various stocky omnivorous musteline mammals of the subfamily Melinae, such as Meles meles (Eurasian badger), occurring in Europe, Asia, and North America: order Carnivora (carnivores). They are typically large burrowing animals, with strong claws and a thick coat striped black and white on the head
2. honey badger another name for ratel
References in periodicals archive ?
Initial supportive treatment was provided at the wildlife first aid station, but the ferret badgers died within 1-3 days, and their carcasses were submitted to the School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, for routine disease surveillance.
We sequenced and characterized a RABV strain, RABV-TWFB, recently isolated from ferret badgers in Taiwan.
Last, our recent retrospective study that used the archived formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded brain tissues of ferret badgers, kindly provided by various institutes, demonstrated that the current earliest TWFB-associated RABV infection could be traced back to 2004 (H.-Y.
Genomic organization and nucleotide lengths of terminal and intergenic regions and viral genes of rabies virus from Taiwan and other lineages from Asia * Isolate 3'-UTR Gene, nucleotide length N N-P P TWFB 70 1,353 91 894 CNFB 70 1,353 91 894 China I ([dagger]) 70 1,353 90-91 894 China II ([dagger]) 70 1,353 91 894 Isolate Gene, nucleotide length P-M M M-G G TWFB 86 609 212 1,575 CNFB 86 609 211 1,575 China I ([dagger]) 87-88 609 211 1,575 China II ([dagger]) 87 609 211 1,575 Isolate Gene, nucleotide 5'-UTR Genome size length G-L L TWFB 519 6,384 130 11,923 CNFB 519 6,384 130-131 11,922-11,923 China I ([dagger]) 519 6,384 130 11,923 China II ([dagger]) 518-519 6,384 131 11,923-11,924 * UTR, untranslated region; TWFB, Taiwan ferret badgers; CNFB, Chinese ferret badgers.
Because the People's Republic of China has no governmental surveillance network, few data exist on wildlife rabies in China, and therefore the natural behavior and habitats of Chinese ferret badgers are not clear (7).
Among the 7 case-patients, 6 were reported to have been bitten on the hands by ferret badgers. This could be the first alleged epizootic of ferret badger-associated human rabies.
During 2007-2008, the population of the ferret badgers in the same regions seemed to recover, and rabies infection in badgers began to increase.
Rabies in ferret badgers occurred during 2 alleged epizootics (1994-1995 and 2002-2004) in southeastern China (Figure 1) (13).
Caption: Figure 3: Phylogeographic analysis of three genotypes of rabies virus strains in ferret badgers in Taiwan at google earth (figure on the left).