ferrous sulfate


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Related to ferrous sulfate: Ferrous gluconate

ferrous sulfate

or

iron (II) sulfate,

chemical compound, FeSO4. It is known as the monohydrate, FeSO4·H2O; the tetrahydrate, FeSO4·4H2O; the pentahydrate, FeSO4·5H2O; and the heptahydrate, FeSO4·7H2O. The heptahydrate is also called green vitriol, copperas, or melanterite (a mineral that commonly occurs with pyrite). It is a blue-green monoclinic crystalline water-soluble salt. It is prepared commercially by oxidation of pyrite (iron sulfide) or by treating iron with sulfuric acid. It is used in the manufacture of inks, in wool dyeing as a mordant, and in water purification as a substitute for aluminum sulfate. It melts at 64°C;, and at 90°C; it loses water of hydration to form the monohydrate, a white, monoclinic, crystalline powder that occurs naturally as the mineral szomolnokite. The mineral siderotil is iron sulfate pentahydrate.

ferrous sulfate

[′fer·əs ′səl‚fāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
FeSO4·7H2O Blue-green, water-soluble, monoclinic crystals; used as a mordant in dyeing wool, in the manufacture of ink, and as a disinfectant. Also known as copperas; ferrisulphas; green copperas; green vitriol; iron sulfate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iron sulfate causes some side effects after oral use; some new formulations of iron supplement have, therefore, been under investigation with a view to replacing ferrous sulfate.
The CDC and the Institute of Medicine recommend parental dietary counseling, treatment with oral ferrous sulfate at 3 mg/kg/d for 3 months to restore iron stores, and monitoring of hemoglobin or hematocrit to assess response.
It was comparable to ferrous sulfate with improved sensory properties.
The side-effect rate in the ferrous sulfate group (23%) was significantly different from that of the placebo group (14%); thus, for every 11 patients treated with ferrous sulfate, 1 patient would have GI side effects attributable to the iron salt (number needed to harm [NNH] = 11).
We had plots with plain litter, litter plus alum, and litter plus ferrous sulfate.
These children were divided by concealed allocation to standard dose (5 mg per kg per day of elemental iron, rounded to a total of 40 mg of elemental iron given in 3 equal daily doses) or single-dose (40 mg of elemental iron as a single bolus dose) ferrous sulfate drops.
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