ferry

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ferry,

vessel providing passage over a river, lake, or other body of water for passengers, vehicles, or freight; the term is also applied to the place where the crossing is made and, by extension, to overwater train or airplane transit. Ferries were especially important in the days before engineers learned to construct permanent bridges and tunnels across bodies of water. At first most ferries were small boats or rafts, propelled by oars or poles and sometimes assisted by sails. Some ferries today still make short passages by winching themselves back and forth along a chain fastened to the shore on both sides. Other ferries rely on the force of the current against the side of the boat to push the ferry. Most ferries for heavier traffic and longer passages are powered by diesel or diesel-electric engines, such as the largest ferry in the world, the GTS Finnjet; others, such as the Staten Island ferry in New York City, are steam powered. Where railroad bridges are impracticable, there are train ferries; these may use paddle wheels for maneuverability or may simply be barges pushed by tugs. The train ferry that made through service possible between London and Paris after 1936 was largely replaced by the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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 in 1994. An innovation during the latter half of the 20th cent. was the "fast ferry," high-speed ferries that have become an important component of transportation systems around the globe. This alternative provides a critical link for commuters and travelers in many world regions. Such passenger-only or combination motor vehicle and passenger ferries are relied upon in coastal ports in Europe, Asia, and Australia. The designs of these ferries incorporate features of catamaranscatamaran
, watercraft made up of two connected hulls or a single hull with two parallel keels. Originally used by the natives of Polynesia, the catamaran design was adopted by Western boat builders in the 19th cent.
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, hydrofoilshydrofoil,
flat or curved finlike device, attached by struts to the hull of a watercraft, that lifts the moving watercraft above the water's surface. The term is often extended to include the vessel itself.
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, and air-cushion vehiclesair-cushion vehicle
(ACV), craft designed to travel close to but above ground or water. It is also called a ground-effect machine or Hovercraft. These vehicles are supported in various ways.
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.
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ferry

[′fer·ē]
(naval architecture)
A boat which carries people, automotive vehicles, or goods across a river or other body of water, usually traveling back and forth on a regular schedule.
(ordnance)
To deliver aircraft or ships by operating them under their own power.
To transport personnel and materiel by air.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ferry

1. a vessel for transporting passengers and usually vehicles across a body of water, esp as a regular service
2. a legal right to charge for transporting passengers by boat
3. the act or method of delivering aircraft by flying them to their destination
http://routesinternational.com/ships.htm
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Here's a look at how the Ferry Boat Program works and how it is helping communities across the country build and maintain these important links in their transportation networks.
The bundles were trucked from Richmond to Jack London Square in Oakland, where they were loaded on ferry boats. The vessels were met at San Francisco's historic Ferry Building, where Examiner trucks awaited them.
Philippine police say rescuers have plucked more bodies in rough seas where three ferry boats capsized after being buffeted by fierce wind and waves off two central provinces, bringing the death toll to 25 with six missing.
He added that search is continuing to find the missing people after three ferry boats with a total of 86 passengers and 13 crew members capsized and sank within three hours during a storm on Saturday while the boats were travelling in the Iloilo-Guimaras Strait.
This is a new system of 24 air-conditioned ferry boats to travel up and down the Pasig River from Laguna de Bay in the east to Manila Bay in the west, with 12 stations, to be increased to 29 in four years.
Recto suggested that if the government can buy P18-billion Navy ships, it can also acquire Philippine-made Pasig River ferry boats, as well as hospital ships and ferry boats.
'For a fraction of the P18-billion price tag of two Navy frigates, the country can buy locally-made Pasig River ferry boats, floating hospitals, environmental patrol boats, and other ships needed by a disaster-prone archipelago where half of the towns lie along the coast,' he said in a statement.
On the other hand, the Ministry of Transport and Communications banned all ferry boats owned by individuals from transporting passengers to and from Masirah till investigation is over.
The next view is of George's Bath, with Birkenhead Ferry Boats milling around by the sea.
The NFC recently announced the launch of two ferry boats Shanna and Jawarhat Masirah on the Shanna-Masirah route which will be operational today.
According to Dr Yousuf Al Ali, CEO of RTA's Public Transport Agency, Dubai Marina is one of the most-favoured destination of marine transport users with 566 people using the water bus (413), ferry boats (119) or water taxis (34) everyday on an average.
People who chose to use the Dardanelles Strait to get to the Marmara region in ferry boats from the Aegean and Mediterranean regions caused long queues near the ports, which also adversely affected intra-city traffic.