fetal alcohol syndrome

(redirected from fetal alcohol spectrum disorders)
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Related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: fetal alcohol syndrome, FASD

fetal alcohol syndrome

(FAS), pattern of physical, developmental, and psychological abnormalities seen in babies born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancypregnancy,
period of time between fertilization of the ovum (conception) and birth, during which mammals carry their developing young in the uterus (see embryo). The average duration of pregnancy in humans is about 280 days, equal to 9 calendar months.
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. The abnormalities include low birthweight, facial deformities, and mental retardation, and there appears to be an association with impulsive behavior, anxiousness, and an inability on the part of the affected children to understand the consequences of their actions. When some but not all of these abnormalities are present, they are referred to as fetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAE has been observed in children of mothers who drank as little as two drinks per week during pregnancy. FAS affects 1 to 2 babies per 1,000 born worldwide. Many require constant lifelong supervision and end up institutionalized because of dysfunction in the family. FAS was first defined as a syndrome in 1973, although it has been observed for centuries. See also alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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.

Bibliography

See M. Dorris, The Broken Cord: A Family's Ongoing Struggle with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (1989).

fetal alcohol syndrome

[‚fēd·əl ′al·kə‚hȯl ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A spectrum of changes in the offspring of women who consume alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, ranging from mild mental changes to severe growth deficiency, mental retardation, and abnormal facial features.

fetal alcohol syndrome

a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy: characterized by various defects including mental retardation
References in periodicals archive ?
The finding was much higher than previous estimates of the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the United States.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading form of neurodevelopmental delay in Canada, affecting an estimated 3000 babies per year (9 out of 1000 births).
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in South Africa: Situational and Gap Analysis.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can interfere with both embryonic and fetal development, producing a wide range of outcomes that fall under the rubric of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Defining the behavioral phenotype in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: a review.Neurosci Biobehav Rev.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders can cause small head size and facial deformities, short stature, hyperactivity, poor coordination, poor memory, learning disabilities, speech and language delays, low IQ, and vision, hearing, heart, kidney and bone problems.
The good news is that Alaska is at the forefront of FASD training and prevention services and will soon be taking those efforts one step further as the result of a $1.1 million federal grant to establish a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Practice and Implementation Center focused on developing a national approach to prevent, identify, and treat FASD.
(174) Hon Anthony P Wartnik & Hon Susan Shepard Carlson, "A Juridical Perspective on Issues Impacting the Trial Courts Related to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" (2011) 39:1 J Psychiatry & L 73 at 92.
The first person to identify and highlight the alarming prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in South Africa and respond with groundbreaking prevention, awareness, and training programmes, Professor Denis Viljoen, has received an international award.
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can lead to a range of developmental disorders and birth defects, referred to collectively as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
This range of deficits now is referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and is estimated to occur in 1 percent of births (Sampson et al.

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