eucalyptus

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eucalyptus

(yo͞o'kəlĭp`təs): see myrtlemyrtle,
common name for the Myrtaceae, a family of shrubs and trees almost entirely of tropical regions, especially in America and Australia. The family is characterized by leaves (usually evergreen) containing aromatic volatile oils. Many have showy blossoms.
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eucalyptus

eucalyptus

Eucalyptus tress are some of the tallest in the world. They don’t like cold. The bark is usually peeling off in loose stringy or papery strips. Young leaves are often blue-grey on square stems. Mature leaves are shiny, very thin green ovals on round stems. Creamy white flowers, sometimes pink. Leaves can be made into tea or steam distilled to extract oil, which is a powerful antiseptic used to treat gum disease, burns, insect repellant. The essential oil, breathed in a steam, will help clear the nasal passages, as will the steam from boiling the leaves. A small drop on the tongue eases nausea. Oil-soaked cloths placed in cabinets and closets keeps roaches and insects away. Originally from Australia, this fast-growing invasive tree is taking over southern California.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eucalyptus

 

a genus of plants of the family Myrtaceae. The genus consists mainly of evergreen trees frequently reaching a height of 100 m; there are some shrubs. The arrangement and shape of the leaves vary according to the age of the plant. The leaves are always entire, and they are usually fragrant owing to the presence of essential oil. The flowers are regular and bisexual. There are numerous stamens, and the ovary is inferior. The fruit is a capsule consisting of a truncated woody calyx tube to which the ovary is fused.

There are more than 525 species of eucalyptus; they are commonly found in Australia and Tasmania, as well as on neighboring islands. The USSR has more than 30 cultivated species, growing mainly on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. Almost all subtropical and tropical countries cultivate eucalypts, since the plants yield valuable wood and grow rapidly. Also of economic value are the leaves, which yield essential oil, and the bark, which yields tannins. Eucalyptus oil and eucalyptus teas or tinctures are used medicinally as antiseptic and anti-inflammatory rinses and inhaiants to treat infections of the upper respiratory tract; the medicines are also used to treat wounds and some gynecological disorders. A eucalyptus tincture may also be prescribed to treat inflammation of the mouth and, sometimes, as a sedative.

REFERENCES

Pilipenko, F. S. “Evkalipt—Eucalyptus L’Herit.” In Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Maiden, J. H. A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus, vols. 1–8, parts 1–75. Sydney, 1903–33.
Blakely, W. F. A Key to the Eucalypts, 3rd ed. Canberra, 1965.
Pryor, L. D., and L. A. S. Johnson. A Classification of the Eucalypts. Canberra, 1971.
Johnson, L. A. S. “Presidential Address: Evolution and Classification in Eucalyptus.” Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1972, vol. 97, part 1, no. 429.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Eucalyptus

[‚yü·kə′lip·təs]
(botany)
A large genus of evergreen trees belonging to the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) and occurring in Australia and New Guinea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

eucalyptus

Wood of the eucalyptus tree, native to Australia and Tasmania, but many species now are grown elsewhere in the world; the physical characteristics and properties vary considerably with the species. Also see gumwood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

eucalyptus

, eucalypt
any myrtaceous tree of the mostly Australian genus Eucalyptus, such as the blue gum and ironbark, widely cultivated for the medicinal oil in their leaves (eucalyptus oil), timber, and ornament
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
During a phone conversation with his sister, he reads her the first paragraph of Fever Tree, his new novel.
At Jaleo in Las Vegas, for instance, Gin and Tonic varieties include Jose's (Hendrick's, Fever Tree tonic, lime, lemon, juniper and Kaffir lime); the Citrico (Oxley gin, Fever Tree Mediterranean tonic, grapefruit, lemon, coriander and mint); Hierba (Aviation American gin, Jack Rudy tonic, orange, lime, rosemary and pink peppercorn); and Tierra (Ford's Gin, house-made tonic, orange, lemon, kaffir and cardamom).
| Greenall's Wild Berry Gin (pictured, currently PS12, 70cl, Tesco) and Fever Tree Mediterranean Tonic (currently PS1.50, 50cl, Sainsbury's).
PSNOPS | | POSH tonic firm Fever Tree reckon 2017 will be "comfortably" better than City forecasts - with seven months still to go.
PSNOPS | |Posh tonic firm Fever Tree reckons 2017 will be "comfortably" better than City forecasts - with seven months still to go.
The Perfect Gin & Tonic ($16) mixes Hendrick's gin with Fever Tree tonic water, served over diamond-shaped ice and garnished with fresh cucumber and a kaffir lime leaf.
The original gin has been blended with cucumber and when it's mixed with Fever Tree's new Fever Tree Elderflower Tonic Water (PS1.69, 50cl, Waitrose), and garnished with cucumber, expect a deliciously feisty mouthful balanced by a hint of hedgerow.
MM's CORIANDER LEAF & CHILLI G&T | 50ml Martin Miller's Gin, a bunch of coriander, 1 red chilli, 200ml Fever Tree tonic water Pour 50ml gin into a large wine glass and add four coriander leaves and 1/4 sliced red chilli (deseeded).
"They used Perfect Puree in our pastry department and we saw how consistent it was," says Simons, who regularly uses Perfect Puree, Fever Tree Tonic and Gosling Ginger Beer in his high-end cocktails.
LINGFIELD: 2.10 Reckless Reward, 2.40 Chilworth Lass, 3.10 Faithful Duchess, 3.40 Loyal Royal, 4.10 Fever Tree, 4.40 Tiger Cat, 5.10 Frank Street, 5.45 Silent Act.
Fever-Tree's Tree House House Garden has a fantastical tree house made partly from reclaimed wood from Cinchona Ledgeriana (aka fever trees) - the bitter dark bark produces the premium quinine used in its tonics.