Gallagher also eventually acknowledges as much, writing, "in the case of many novel characters, even the 'type' was generally minimized by the requirement that the character escape from the categorical in the process of individuation." (7) Nevertheless, Gallagher's acknowledgment both of the burden of type and the escape from it omits any details that might give us a clear picture of how that escape from the categorical happens, especially in novels like Tom Jones that do not depict the highly particularized inferiorities that she and others name as crucial both to fictionality
and to the process of individuation.
The metanarrative function of the intradiegetic narrator, reinforced by the narrative metalepsis, highlights the novel's fictionality
Even when a work of art is defined by its fictionality
, a certain share of essential properties remain: a great portion of dialogue, for instance, points to the fictionality
of a text and is not expected in a work of astronomy or economics, and the same is true for interior monologue, irony of the narrator, structural symmetries, etc.
Perhaps a troubling dramatic side effect of this concentrated emulation, however, is the disconnect between Hamlet's fictionality
and his functionality.
Shakespeare's deliberate exposure of fictionality
in this play culminates in the image of Hermione, who as a "painted icon-woman reverses the rhetoric of iconoclastic discourse by exposing a living, chaste woman rather than a mortified strumpet" (190).
Central to this trajectory is the problem of cultural relativism which is intimately associated with the distinction between fictionality
and non-fictionality made between traditional Chinese poetry and its Western counterpart.
To the extent that realist novels usurped the mantle of fictionality
and everything else was declared "insufficiently or faultily fictional," English literary history today, he contends, continues its search for "lookalikes in the past" (25).
One of the theses of 'Raymundo Mata' is that we're shaped by the 'Noli.' It's that sense of ourselves as a fiction, the fictionality
of the Filipino, which I think is the reality of the Filipino.
So on the one hand, Marling maintains that, far from doing the ideological work scholars typically expect Hollywood films to do, these films actually reveal the fictionality
of normative, regulatory masculinity.