Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Idioms, Wikipedia.


1. a violin played as a folk instrument
2. Nautical a small railing around the top of a table to prevent objects from falling off it in bad weather
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a stringed instrument, played with a bow. The fiddle was used from the eighth to the mid-14th century in Western Europe by itinerant musicians. In German-speaking countries the term “Fiedel” is analogous to the “vielle” or “viola” of Romance languages. The fiddle was spade-shaped, pear-shaped, or guitar-shaped, the last-mentioned being the classic type. Initially, its body had two flat sounding boards, square upper bouts, two semicircular soundholes, a fingerboard without frets, and a flat pegbox with perpendicularly placed tuning pegs. The fiddle had one to five strings, which were tuned in fourths or fifths (seeSTRINGED INSTRUMENT, BOWED).


Struve, B. A. Protsess formirovaniia viol i skripok. Moscow, 1959. Pages 37–55.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
'I stole it,' said the miser in the presence of all the people; 'I acknowledge that I stole it, and that you earned it fairly.' Then the countryman stopped his fiddle, and left the miser to take his place at the gallows.
But it was much worse when the cook dropped the potatoes and held out his hands for the fiddle. Still leaning against the locker door, he struck into a tune that was like something very bad but sure to happen whatever you did.
The fiddle and the flageolet took a deep interest in bottles and glasses; at the end of a country-dance, they hung their instruments from a button on their reddish-colored coats, and stretched out their hands to a little table set in the window recess to hold their liquor supply.
"Don't talk about Venice to our Doge," put in the fiddle, "or you will start him off, and he has stowed away a couple of bottles as it is-- has the prince!"
However, there was no time to think more about the matter, for the fiddles and harp began in real earnest.
Bruce MacGregor, founder of Blazin' Fiddles, said: "Reaching our milestone 20th birthday last year was a significant moment in the band's history and reminded us of the spark and passion for Scottish fiddle music which gave birth to Blazin' Fiddles back in 1998.
For this will be something of a homecoming gig for the group which features some of the best contemporary fiddle players hailing from the Highlands and Islands.
Scotland's most celebrated fiddle band Blazin' Fiddles will join together with the twice voted 'Scots Singer of the Year' Emily Smith at a show in Stirling's Albert Halls on August 22.
The Lake Zurich village board narrowly voted to allow Copper Fiddle Distillery to host up to five video gambling machines at a recent meeting.
AN award-winning act on the Nordic music scene and global stage, Frigg, who has dazzled audiences at the Rainforest World Music Festival, WOMADelaide, Telluride Bluegrass Festival, Celtic Connections, The Scots Fiddle Festival, Fiddles On Fire, Cambridge Folk Festival, Orkney Folk Festival is coming to Pontio, Bangor on Friday 9th of November.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 16 (ANI): In line with prolific concepts and innovations, MD & CEO First Fiddle Restaurants, Priyank Sukhija now aims to endeavor Rs.
Alfred starts life as an egg, snuggled safely in a fiddle case owned by Captain Alfred, on a boat laden with ducks for the farm.