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1. a violin played as a folk instrument
2. Nautical a small railing around the top of a table to prevent objects from falling off it in bad weather



a stringed instrument, played with a bow. The fiddle was used from the eighth to the mid-14th century in Western Europe by itinerant musicians. In German-speaking countries the term “Fiedel” is analogous to the “vielle” or “viola” of Romance languages. The fiddle was spade-shaped, pear-shaped, or guitar-shaped, the last-mentioned being the classic type. Initially, its body had two flat sounding boards, square upper bouts, two semicircular soundholes, a fingerboard without frets, and a flat pegbox with perpendicularly placed tuning pegs. The fiddle had one to five strings, which were tuned in fourths or fifths (seeSTRINGED INSTRUMENT, BOWED).


Struve, B. A. Protsess formirovaniia viol i skripok. Moscow, 1959. Pages 37–55.
References in classic literature ?
Then the countryman stopped his fiddle, and left the miser to take his place at the gallows.
Don't talk about Venice to our Doge," put in the fiddle, "or you will start him off, and he has stowed away a couple of bottles as it is-- has the prince
However, there was no time to think more about the matter, for the fiddles and harp began in real earnest.
A top Scottish fiddle band will join forces with talented vocalist Karen Matheson for a stirring performance in Stirling later this year.
9 Islesteps Accordion & Fiddle Club, Locharbriggs Social Club, Dumfries, 7.
A fiddle that Goodwill believes was once owned by country music legend Roy Acuff is expected to generate thousands of dollars for the charitable organization in the Kansas City area.
Alfred starts life as an egg, snuggled safely in a fiddle case owned by Captain Alfred, on a boat laden with ducks for the farm.
In "Fiddler's Dream", Marshall (who is the Professor Emeritus of Art History and Archaeology, University of Missouri--Columbia) uses oral history, archival photographs, and transcriptions of selected tunes to trace the evolution of traditional fiddle music in Missouri from the early 1920s through the abrupt changes in American society and traditional music in the 1960s.
Continuing his book Play Me Something Quick and Devilish: Old-Time Fiddlers in Missouri, which documented traditional fiddle and dance music from the early European settlement of Missouri through the 19th and early 20th centuries, the author chronicles the development of traditional fiddle music and fiddlers in Missouri during the 20th century, with an emphasis on the 1920s to the 1960s and music in everyday life.
Doherty's exposure to, and research of, the island's music traditions was the germination for writing "The Cape Breton Fiddle Companion", a specialized compendium on the Cape Breton fiddle, including its history, its people, the tunes, and the recordings.
Pa's Fiddle Recordings, The Arkansas Traveler: Music From Little House on the Prairie; Pa's Fiddle Recordings, Happy Land: Musical Tributes to Laura Ingalls Wilder; The Ingalls Wilder Family Songbook.
The concert halls and music education centre at the venue will be taken over between tomorrow and Sunday with fiddle music and workshops representing a huge variety of styles and traditions and featuring a host of fantastic artists including Gina Le Faux, Vasen, Frigg, Martin Carthy and Dave Swarbrick, Jackie Oates Trio and Celtic Fiddle Festival More than 80 workshops will be offering visitors of all abilities the chance to learn from great artists.