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1. a violin played as a folk instrument
2. Nautical a small railing around the top of a table to prevent objects from falling off it in bad weather



a stringed instrument, played with a bow. The fiddle was used from the eighth to the mid-14th century in Western Europe by itinerant musicians. In German-speaking countries the term “Fiedel” is analogous to the “vielle” or “viola” of Romance languages. The fiddle was spade-shaped, pear-shaped, or guitar-shaped, the last-mentioned being the classic type. Initially, its body had two flat sounding boards, square upper bouts, two semicircular soundholes, a fingerboard without frets, and a flat pegbox with perpendicularly placed tuning pegs. The fiddle had one to five strings, which were tuned in fourths or fifths (seeSTRINGED INSTRUMENT, BOWED).


Struve, B. A. Protsess formirovaniia viol i skripok. Moscow, 1959. Pages 37–55.
References in periodicals archive ?
The introduction of fiddling to Aboriginal communities coincided with the birth of the Metis.
Over its four hundred year history in Canada, fiddling has retained its place in the culture of social celebrations and dancing and continues to adapt, migrate, and change from region to region and style to style.
Lets make it better added: "Of course deliberately fiddling the system is wrong.
Two sources are listed in the next subsection, on "North American fiddling with strong ties to Africa.
In the 'heyday of community dance-fiddling' up to the mid-twentieth century, only the roles of minister and schoolteacher were regarded as more crucial in the life of the district, yet the unpaid fiddler, worn out by the community's endless demands, was despised as a lazy, drunken, good-for-nothing - perhaps not unlike a Roma musician in central Europe--and his exploitation was compounded by clerical hostility 'to dance playing in general and fiddling in particular'.
In 1984-5, the association received a grant to interview and record older fiddlers--to document old tunes and tell the history of fiddling during their lifetimes.
The institute created a 30-minute videotape on fiddling for state school libraries.
We hoped that spectators gained some knowledge about Metis fiddling (and) how it sounds different from the other fiddlers," said Atkinson.
And it would take them five thousand years at their present rate of fiddling to scrounge as much as Sir Fred's recent failures cost the treasury.
5 : to handle in a harmful or foolish way : tamper <Someone has been fiddling with the lock.
After only six formal lessons under her belt, she won first place at the Tuscaloosa's Fiddling & Bluegrass Contest.