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1. a violin played as a folk instrument
2. Nautical a small railing around the top of a table to prevent objects from falling off it in bad weather
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a stringed instrument, played with a bow. The fiddle was used from the eighth to the mid-14th century in Western Europe by itinerant musicians. In German-speaking countries the term “Fiedel” is analogous to the “vielle” or “viola” of Romance languages. The fiddle was spade-shaped, pear-shaped, or guitar-shaped, the last-mentioned being the classic type. Initially, its body had two flat sounding boards, square upper bouts, two semicircular soundholes, a fingerboard without frets, and a flat pegbox with perpendicularly placed tuning pegs. The fiddle had one to five strings, which were tuned in fourths or fifths (seeSTRINGED INSTRUMENT, BOWED).


Struve, B. A. Protsess formirovaniia viol i skripok. Moscow, 1959. Pages 37–55.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The final chapter examines styles and meanings in Southern fiddling. Goertzen uses transcriptions of fiddle tunes as case studies to compare Southern styles.
The book is carefully organized--the first chapter devoted to the general history of the region followed by three chapters on Wine's life, two chapters describing his approach to performance and his fiddling style, and a final chapter giving the tune transcriptions and analyses.
In the 'heyday of community dance-fiddling' up to the mid-twentieth century, only the roles of minister and schoolteacher were regarded as more crucial in the life of the district, yet the unpaid fiddler, worn out by the community's endless demands, was despised as a lazy, drunken, good-for-nothing - perhaps not unlike a Roma musician in central Europe--and his exploitation was compounded by clerical hostility 'to dance playing in general and fiddling in particular'.
Chapter 1, "Fiddling in West Africa: Understanding the Culture Area," outlines a history of Sudanic West Africa and presents the historical and linguistic complexities of this very large geographical region, DjeDje hints at the controversy of one-string fiddle origin very early in the text in a section, "Arabization and Islamization" (p.
Last night, Commons Health Select Committee member Ronnie Campbell, Labour MP for Blyth Valley, said: "They're just fiddling the figures.
Henderson was unavailable but a spokeswoman said: "Mick will ride allours at Kempton with Richard Johnson on Fiddling The Facts."
Despite the prominence of Cape Breton fiddling on recordings and the concert stage, there was relatively little formal scholarship devoted to it until the last couple of decades.
This pride is reflected in their fiddling traditions.
The programme is packed with entertainment including a game night, themed nights and Paul Anderson, an internationally renowned fiddler hailing fromTarland, will be attending the event to showcase his skills and provide tutorials in the art of fiddling.
The students make sound effects with their fiddles and learn basic fiddling techniques.