block

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block

2. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
3. Pathol
a. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
b. See heart block
c. See nerve block
4. Psychol a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
5. Computing a group of words treated as a unit of data on a tape, disk, etc
6. Athletics short for starting block
7. Cricket a mark made near the popping crease by a batsman to indicate his position in relation to the wicket

Block

A large piece of stone, taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing and further working.

Block

 

in engineering:

(1) A unit of a mechanism in the form of a wheel with a groove around its circumference over which a cable or chain is drawn. It is used to change the direction of a tractive force and to obtain a force or velocity advantage; more rarely, to transfer a torque. Depending on their function, blocks are known as guide, balance, runner, and driving (for imparting rotary motion to a shaft) pulleys. In order to achieve a large force or velocity advantage, a lifting mechanism made up of a combination of blocks (a block and tackle) is used.

(2) A subassembly of a machine, consisting of several identical parts, such as a block of cylinders in an internal combustion engine or the spindle block in a multiple-spindle machine.

(3) A stone (concrete or ceramic) of large size (appreciably larger than a brick) used in the construction of buildings and for road surfacing.

N. IA. NIBERG

block

[bläk]
(computer science)
A group of information units (such as records, words, characters, or digits) that are transported or considered as a single unit by virtue of their being stored in successive storage locations; for example, a group of logical records constituting a physical record.
The section of a computer memory or storage device that stores such a group of information units. Also known as storage block.
To combine two or more information units into a single unit.
A contiguous group of text characters that is marked for moving, copying, saving, deletion, or some other word-processing operation.
(design engineering)
A metal or wood case enclosing one or more pulleys; has a hook with which it can be attached to an object.
(mining engineering)
A division of a mine, usually bounded by workings but sometimes by survey lines or other arbitrary limits.
In quarrying, a large portion of rock that is removed from the quarry as a solid mass for further processing at a mill.
(petroleum engineering)
The subdivision of a sea area for the licensing of oil and gas exploration and production rights.
(statistics)
In experimental design, a homogeneous aggregation of items under observation, such as a group of contiguous plots of land or all animals in a litter.

block

block, 6
1. A masonry unit; a concrete block.
2. (Brit.) A walling unit which exceeds in length, width, or height the dimensions specified for a brick.
3. A solid piece of wood or other material.
4. A plank or timber which serves as bridging between joists or the like.
5. In quarrying, the large piece of stone, generally squared, that is taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing, slabbing, and further working.
6. A mechanical

block

1. <unit> A unit of data or memory, often, but not exclusively, on a magnetic disk or magnetic tape.

Compare record, sector.

block

(1) A group of disk or tape records that is stored and transferred as a single unit. On a CD, a block consists of 98 frames of 33 bytes for a total of 3,234 bytes, or 1/75th of a second. See block level.

(2) A group of bits or bytes that is transmitted or processed as a single unit.

(3) A group of text characters that has been marked for moving, copying, saving or other operation.

(4) A rectangular group of pixels that are processed as a unit.

(5) A group of program statements that are treated as a unit based on the results of a comparison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inguinal field block was given by an experienced anaesthesiologist using 20 mL of Inj.
Patients were given field block using 1% lignocaine with adrenaline, 15ml of the solution was injected at 1.5cm medial and superior to anterior superior iliac spine, 5ml injected at mid inguinal point, 5ml at pubic tubercle, about 10ml injected along the line of incision.
(7.) Sparks CJ, et; al: Inguinal field block for adult inguinal hernia repair using short level needle.
Studies have demonstrated that the field block and/or ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric blocks are significantly more cost-effective anesthesia techniques than GA or spinal anesthesia (1).
* To evaluate the advantages of this field block for inguinal hernia repair.
Various regional anaesthetic techniques have been described in the literature including brachial plexus blocks, [2,3] intercostal nerve blocks, [4] field blocks, [3] local infiltration [5] and thoracic epidural anaesthesia.
Many scholars have been studying to find the safest and effective way of interventions for postoperative CD pain management, and they suggest methods like opioid or local anesthetic skin infiltration, epidural analgesia, intrathecal or intravenous opioids, and abdominal field blocks like TAP and II-IH.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Tehran and Jakarta are slated to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) soon according to which Indonesia will help develop Iran's oil and gas field blocks, a senior energy official said.
Comparing the morning and evening damage proportions per three field blocks also indicated a highly significant (P (less than) 0.01) and comparable depredations for both maize growth stages in the unprotected conditions, while it was reasonably lower (P (greater than) 0.01) in the guarded conditions (Table 2; Fig.
To ascertain a better crop damage, crops were equally divided in to three field blocks, the left, middle and right (Crabb et al., 1994).
Despite Baghdad's threats to blacklist the company and to terminate its contracts in the southern regions of Iraq, Exxon Mobil signed a production sharing agreement with the KRG for exploration rights in six field blocks, three of them located in the disputed areas of Kirkuk and Nineveh Provinces.
Nexen operates two oil field blocks in Yemen's east -the East Al Hajr and the Masila -and produces some 75,000 barrels of oil per day, which are shipped through a 138-kilometre pipeline to an Arabian Sea port.