Participants were 306 OT students from 42 universities in the United States who were completing Level II fieldwork during summer 2009, fall 2009, or spring 2010.
The Student Confidence Questionnaire was used to examine the level of OT student perceived self-efficacy (defined as self-reported) during fieldwork (Derdall et al., 2002).
Items in the Demographic Questionnaire and Survey were chosen based on previous research indicating factors affecting fieldwork success and self-efficacy (Derdall et al, 2002; Lew et al., 2007; Opacic, 2003; Rodger et al., 2011) as well as new items related to the meaningfulness of fieldwork and the perception of supervision.
Academic fieldwork coordinators at 78 universities were contacted and asked if they would forward an email letter introducing the study to their OT students who were on Level II fieldwork.
The independent variables are related to participant characteristics, practice setting, the meaningfulness of the fieldwork, and the experience of supervision.
There were no significant relationships (p = .644) among practice setting, population served, having a choice in the fieldwork placement, and the OT students' perceived self-efficacy.
Research Question 3: Relationships between self-efficacy and the meaningfulness of fieldwork and experience of supervision.
The study results support previous findings related to the students' perceived self-efficacy and also add new findings which may influence both academic and fieldwork education.
Other key results were the significant positive relationships between both the meaningfulness of fieldwork and the experience of supervision and the students' perceived self-efficacy.