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council area (1993 est. pop. 351,200), 510 sq mi (1,322 sq km), and former county, E Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay. The land rises to 1,500 ft (457 m) in the Lomond Hills. Fishing villages of great antiquity dot the eastern coast. One of Scotland's most prosperous areas, Fife has pastures and productive farmland in the central valleys of the Leven and Eden and rich coal fields in the west and east. One of the new townsnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
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, GlenrothesGlenrothes
, town (1991 pop. 33,639), Fife, E Scotland, on the Leven River. Glenrothes was designated one of the new towns in 1948 to provide housing, community services, and increased social and economic diversity for an expanding mining area.
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 was opened there in 1959 and has since become industrially diversified. KirkcaldyKirkcaldy
, town (1991 pop. 46,356) and district, Fife, E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Industries textiles and furniture manufacture and light electrical engineering. Its port engages in coastal trade.
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 was a center of linoleum manufacture. Other industries are linen weaving and brewing.

Fife was once a Pictish kingdom. Saint AndrewsSaint Andrews,
town (1991 pop. 11,302), Fife, E Scotland, on the North Sea. A summer resort, it is famous for its golf courses. It was the seat of an archbishop from 908 and the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation. St.
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, seat of Scotland's oldest university, was the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation, and DunfermlineDunfermline
, city (1991 pop. 52,105), Fife, E central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. It is a center for the manufacture of table linen and terylene, a synthetic fabric, and has silk mills, collieries, and engineering works.
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 was once a royal burgh. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Fife became a region in 1975, and in the local government reorganization of 1996, the region became a council area.


small transverse flute with six to eight finger holes adopted for military music by Swiss regiments serving in France in the late 15th cent. The fife was used in the British army until the end of the 19th cent. The piccolopiccolo,
small transverse flute pitched an octave higher than the standard flute. Its tone is bright and shrill, and it can produce the highest notes in the orchestral range. The piccolo is used in orchestras and especially in military bands. See fife.
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 has largely replaced the fife in modern use.


a small high-pitched flute similar to the piccolo and usually having no keys, used esp in military bands


a council area and historical county of E central Scotland, bordering on the North Sea between the Firths of Tay and Forth: coastal lowlands in the north and east, with several ranges of hills; mainly agricultural. Administrative centre: Glenrothes. Pop.: 352 040 (2003 est.). Area: 1323 sq. km (511 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Fifer Orchards, located in Camden-Wyoming, was founded by Charles Frederick Fifer nearly a century ago.
Firearm production at the Mayodan facility is expected to increase during 2014," Fifer said.
Selling to the Masses is a three-day workshop during which entrepreneurs will hear from experts in the field, network with others and apply to work with Fifer and the CPI Lab advisory board.
The program opened its enrolment to all 6th, 7th, and 8th graders at Postlethwait and Fifer Middle Schools who were potentially failing one or more of the following courses: mathematics, language arts, social studies, or science.
Mr Fifer said yesterday: 'Her name was Joy and she couldn't have had a more appropriate name.
For their anniversary, the Fifers plan to travel in their motor home and go camping.
Fifer will be taking the reins of a nonprofit service with a solid track record of boosting gay and lesbian visibility on public TV, The recent documentary on the Boy Scouts' antigay policy, Scout's Honor, was supported by ITVS, as were such high-profile films as Marlon Riggs's Black Is .
Fifer, based at Irvine just up the coast from Ayr, claims he was acting on behalf of another party, who subsequently let him down.
But, as Fifer deftly argues, Latin American leaders were unmoved by U.
Currently, the company is focusing on churning out new products, which have been largely responsible for its growth, along with an increase in shooters, and "the political environment has impacted the firearms industry," said Fifer.
We remain committed to our new product development strategy, and will continue to seek accretive acquisition opportunities and prudently expand our manufacturing capacity," Fifer said.