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council area (1993 est. pop. 351,200), 510 sq mi (1,322 sq km), and former county, E Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay. The land rises to 1,500 ft (457 m) in the Lomond Hills. Fishing villages of great antiquity dot the eastern coast. One of Scotland's most prosperous areas, Fife has pastures and productive farmland in the central valleys of the Leven and Eden and rich coal fields in the west and east. One of the new townsnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
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, GlenrothesGlenrothes
, town (1991 pop. 33,639), Fife, E Scotland, on the Leven River. Glenrothes was designated one of the new towns in 1948 to provide housing, community services, and increased social and economic diversity for an expanding mining area.
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 was opened there in 1959 and has since become industrially diversified. KirkcaldyKirkcaldy
, town (1991 pop. 46,356) and district, Fife, E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Industries textiles and furniture manufacture and light electrical engineering. Its port engages in coastal trade.
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 was a center of linoleum manufacture. Other industries are linen weaving and brewing.

Fife was once a Pictish kingdom. Saint AndrewsSaint Andrews,
town (1991 pop. 11,302), Fife, E Scotland, on the North Sea. A summer resort, it is famous for its golf courses. It was the seat of an archbishop from 908 and the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation. St.
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, seat of Scotland's oldest university, was the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation, and DunfermlineDunfermline
, city (1991 pop. 52,105), Fife, E central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. It is a center for the manufacture of table linen and terylene, a synthetic fabric, and has silk mills, collieries, and engineering works.
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 was once a royal burgh. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Fife became a region in 1975, and in the local government reorganization of 1996, the region became a council area.


small transverse flute with six to eight finger holes adopted for military music by Swiss regiments serving in France in the late 15th cent. The fife was used in the British army until the end of the 19th cent. The piccolopiccolo,
small transverse flute pitched an octave higher than the standard flute. Its tone is bright and shrill, and it can produce the highest notes in the orchestral range. The piccolo is used in orchestras and especially in military bands. See fife.
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 has largely replaced the fife in modern use.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


a small high-pitched flute similar to the piccolo and usually having no keys, used esp in military bands


a council area and historical county of E central Scotland, bordering on the North Sea between the Firths of Tay and Forth: coastal lowlands in the north and east, with several ranges of hills; mainly agricultural. Administrative centre: Glenrothes. Pop.: 352 040 (2003 est.). Area: 1323 sq. km (511 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Julia was turned down by numerous organizations before King of Glory Church in Elgin -- suggested by the mother of a swim club teammate -- agreed to host the clothing drive, Amy Fifer said.
The July 4 incident in which Anderson spat on Fifer happened after several deputies had removed Anderson from his one-person cell and took him to receive an injection of medicine that a doctor had ordered after learning that the inmate had bitten a chunk of flesh from his left wrist area, according to trial testimony.
Firearm production at the Mayodan facility is expected to increase during 2014," Fifer said.
Selling to the Masses is a three-day workshop during which entrepreneurs will hear from experts in the field, network with others and apply to work with Fifer and the CPI Lab advisory board.
"On November 17 Mrs Fifer was staying late to make sure the boys in the boarding house all went to bed.
the background disappears, there is pothing but air surrounding the fellow, who is all in black and appears alive." Responding in paint, he matched the bounce Velazquez gave to the wildly irregular right edge of the actor's black garment with a black stripe of paint approximating the seam of the fifer's red pant leg.
Through a Saturday Academy (9:00am-12) held at Postlethwit Middle School (Postelthwait and Fifer Middle Schools Comprehensive School Reform, Title I School Improvement, and Student Mentoring Grants), funded by state and federal monies, approximately 25 students from both middle schools were served through a total of 696 student/parent-class-hours of instruction provided by the project.
And a bleak day for the Fifers ended when Craig Brewster was red-carded in the last minute for collecting a second caution for a trip on Darren Young.
The funeral of Mrs Fifer, who leaves her husband Alan, four children and six grandchildren, was held yesterday at Witton Cemetery in Witton.
Fifer will be taking the reins of a nonprofit service with a solid track record of boosting gay and lesbian visibility on public TV, The recent documentary on the Boy Scouts' antigay policy, Scout's Honor, was supported by ITVS, as were such high-profile films as Marlon Riggs's Black Is ...
Fifer, based at Irvine just up the coast from Ayr, claims he was acting on behalf of another party, who subsequently let him down.