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Fife,council area (1993 est. pop. 351,200), 510 sq mi (1,322 sq km), and former county, E Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay. The land rises to 1,500 ft (457 m) in the Lomond Hills. Fishing villages of great antiquity dot the eastern coast. One of Scotland's most prosperous areas, Fife has pastures and productive farmland in the central valleys of the Leven and Eden and rich coal fields in the west and east. One of the new townsnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
..... Click the link for more information. , GlenrothesGlenrothes
, town (1991 pop. 33,639), Fife, E Scotland, on the Leven River. Glenrothes was designated one of the new towns in 1948 to provide housing, community services, and increased social and economic diversity for an expanding mining area.
..... Click the link for more information. was opened there in 1959 and has since become industrially diversified. KirkcaldyKirkcaldy
, town (1991 pop. 46,356) and district, Fife, E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Industries textiles and furniture manufacture and light electrical engineering. Its port engages in coastal trade.
..... Click the link for more information. was a center of linoleum manufacture. Other industries are linen weaving and brewing.
Fife was once a Pictish kingdom. Saint AndrewsSaint Andrews,
town (1991 pop. 11,302), Fife, E Scotland, on the North Sea. A summer resort, it is famous for its golf courses. It was the seat of an archbishop from 908 and the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation. St.
..... Click the link for more information. , seat of Scotland's oldest university, was the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation, and DunfermlineDunfermline
, city (1991 pop. 52,105), Fife, E central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. It is a center for the manufacture of table linen and terylene, a synthetic fabric, and has silk mills, collieries, and engineering works.
..... Click the link for more information. was once a royal burgh. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Fife became a region in 1975, and in the local government reorganization of 1996, the region became a council area.
fife,small transverse flute with six to eight finger holes adopted for military music by Swiss regiments serving in France in the late 15th cent. The fife was used in the British army until the end of the 19th cent. The piccolopiccolo,
small transverse flute pitched an octave higher than the standard flute. Its tone is bright and shrill, and it can produce the highest notes in the orchestral range. The piccolo is used in orchestras and especially in military bands. See fife.
..... Click the link for more information. has largely replaced the fife in modern use.