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council area (1993 est. pop. 351,200), 510 sq mi (1,322 sq km), and former county, E Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay. The land rises to 1,500 ft (457 m) in the Lomond Hills. Fishing villages of great antiquity dot the eastern coast. One of Scotland's most prosperous areas, Fife has pastures and productive farmland in the central valleys of the Leven and Eden and rich coal fields in the west and east. One of the new townsnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
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, GlenrothesGlenrothes
, town (1991 pop. 33,639), Fife, E Scotland, on the Leven River. Glenrothes was designated one of the new towns in 1948 to provide housing, community services, and increased social and economic diversity for an expanding mining area.
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 was opened there in 1959 and has since become industrially diversified. KirkcaldyKirkcaldy
, town (1991 pop. 46,356) and district, Fife, E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Industries textiles and furniture manufacture and light electrical engineering. Its port engages in coastal trade.
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 was a center of linoleum manufacture. Other industries are linen weaving and brewing.

Fife was once a Pictish kingdom. Saint AndrewsSaint Andrews,
town (1991 pop. 11,302), Fife, E Scotland, on the North Sea. A summer resort, it is famous for its golf courses. It was the seat of an archbishop from 908 and the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation. St.
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, seat of Scotland's oldest university, was the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation, and DunfermlineDunfermline
, city (1991 pop. 52,105), Fife, E central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. It is a center for the manufacture of table linen and terylene, a synthetic fabric, and has silk mills, collieries, and engineering works.
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 was once a royal burgh. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Fife became a region in 1975, and in the local government reorganization of 1996, the region became a council area.


small transverse flute with six to eight finger holes adopted for military music by Swiss regiments serving in France in the late 15th cent. The fife was used in the British army until the end of the 19th cent. The piccolopiccolo,
small transverse flute pitched an octave higher than the standard flute. Its tone is bright and shrill, and it can produce the highest notes in the orchestral range. The piccolo is used in orchestras and especially in military bands. See fife.
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 has largely replaced the fife in modern use.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


a small high-pitched flute similar to the piccolo and usually having no keys, used esp in military bands


a council area and historical county of E central Scotland, bordering on the North Sea between the Firths of Tay and Forth: coastal lowlands in the north and east, with several ranges of hills; mainly agricultural. Administrative centre: Glenrothes. Pop.: 352 040 (2003 est.). Area: 1323 sq. km (511 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Julia's mother, Amy Fifer, said the collection ramped up this summer, mostly thanks to the Facebook site St.
Fifers midfielder Pat Slattery admitted the players were gutted at the decision but insisted there was no chance of the match going ahead.
A rash foul by Bisconti on Sean Kilgannon allowed the Fifers to forge into the lead in the 40th minute.
The Fifers regrouped and got their noses in front again when Insall burst down the line and whipped in a cross Scott Taggart couldn't defend and prodded into his own net.
Fifers' pair Ross Graham and Keith Gibson are struggling to face Dumbarton who are without suspended pair Andy Brown and Dave Stewart.
The Fifers came straight back with a perfect reply Andrews outjumped the Livi defence to head home the opener from a corner.
And Young said: "Every single player played his part in what was a fantastic win." Smith headed the Fifers in front in just 10 minutes before Agnew rifled home the second.
Neil Parry's goal was breached by the impressive Fifers when Tony Wallace's ball picked out Smith who raced in on goal and thumped his effort through the keeper's legs.
In the shoot-out Fifers keeper Godfrey was the hero as he saved from Steven Canning and Jim Brown.
With their first serious attack, the Fifers equalised on 81 minutes when Greg Shields and Gavin Johnson combined for Jim Squires to hit the ball into the roof of the net.
Fifers' boss Young said: "We deserved our win although we rode our luck towards the end."
Campbell - who hit a sensational equaliser for the Fifers - said: "We were terrible in the first half.