fifth disease

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fifth disease:

see parvovirusparvovirus
, any of several small DNA viruses that cause several diseases in animals, including humans. In humans, parvoviruses cause fifth disease, or erythema infectiosum, an acute disease usually affecting young children.
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References in periodicals archive ?
PV causes fifth disease in children and polyarthropathy in adults.
Fifth disease is a mild rash illness characterized by a "slapped-cheek" rash on the face and a lacy red rash on the trunk and limbs, which may itch; it usually resolves within 7-10 days.
Fifth disease is caused by infection with human parvovirus B19.
It is now firmly connected to a number of disease processes, from the benign fifth disease or erythema infectiosum, to the more severe fetal infection and demise.
About one week later, half of infected children get the typical fifth disease rash which starts with fiery red cheeks resembling sunburned or slapped cheeks.
Also known as Parvovirus B19, or Fifth Disease, it is a common childhood illness.
The singer was struck down by fifth disease, a viral illness caused by parvovirus B19, and was rushed to hospital at the Easter weekend.
In very rare cases, the infection-also known as fifth disease and erythema infectiosum--can cause hepatitis or mild carditis in the fetus, but the real danger to the fetus is damage to red blood cell precursors and development of fetal hydrops, Dr.
First, the existence of a blood-borne pathogen may not be evident when examining unexplained cases, as demonstrated by the difficulty identifying HIV (27) and hepatitis C virus infections, and associating human parvovirus B-19 with Fifth disease (16).
Other contagious rash diseases of childhood -- fifth disease, roseola, scarlet fever, and impetigo -- may not have the same amount of name recognition, but lack of fame doesn't mean that they don't cause problems