filariasis


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Related to filariasis: schistosomiasis

filariasis:

see elephantiasiselephantiasis
, abnormal enlargement of any part of the body due to obstruction of the lymphatic channels in the area (see lymphatic system), usually affecting the arms, legs, or external genitals.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Filariasis

 

any one of several helminthic diseases of man and animals caused by the roundworms filariae.

Filariases of man occur mainly in tropical countries; they do not occur in the USSR. The source of the infection which is transmitted by arthropods, such as Nematocera and Tabanidae, is an infected person or animal. The principal types of filariases in humans are wuchereriasis, Malayan filariasis, loaiasis, and onchocerciasis. Among the manifestations of infection are fever, skin rashes and ulcers, inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, elephantiasis of the arms, legs, and scrotum, and affection of the eyes. Treatment consists of medications such as diethylcarbamazine, suramin sodium, and desensitizing preparations. Preventive measures include the elimination of the seats of infection through the control of the transmitters and protection against insect bites with heavy clothing and repellents.

Filariases of animals—horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and camels—occur in many countries and in southern regions of the USSR. The most common and dangerous ones are onchocerciasis, setariasis, and cutaneous filaroid infection.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

filariasis

[‚fil·ə′rī·ə·səs]
(medicine)
A disease due to the presence of hairlike nematodes (filariae) in humans, including Wuchereria bancrofti, W. pacifica, and Onchocerca volvulus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H1 2019, provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type.
We have recorded low to no cases of filariasis and based on the standards, this is already a filariasis-free city,' said Duterte.
For NAMs, filariasis increased the risk for SMM by 8.47 and hemoglobinopathies by 4.70.
Lymphatic Filariasis known as "Elephantiasis," is a chronic parasitic infection that is caused by thread-like parasitic filarial worms, which lodge in the nodes and vessels of the lymphatic system.
The survey to know the coverage and acceptance of MDA against filariasis in Boudh district of Odisha was conducted by the Department of Community Medicine, VIMSAR, Burla.
Treatment with doxycycline/ tetracycline proves a effective tool to check transmission of filariasis from one host to another by lowering the mf load in the peripheral blood of the vertebrate host.
The Reaching the Last Mile Fund aims to raise $100 million to fast-track ongoing efforts to end river blindness and lymphatic filariasis in several countries in Africa and the Middle East.
Lymph Node Enlargement in Neck Filariasis as a Rare Cause: A Case Report.
The following 18 NTDs have been designated by WHO for control or elimination: dengue and chikungunya, rabies, trachoma, buruli ulcer, yaws [endemic treponematoses], leprosy [Hansen's disease], Chagas disease, human African trypanosomiasis [sleeping sickness], leishmaniasis, taeniasis / cysticercosis, dracunculiasis [guinea-worm disease], echinococcosis, food-borne trematodiases, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis [river blindness], schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiases, and mycetoma.
The national program that initiated in 1955 to eliminate filariasis, later the program is merged with the National program for the control of vector-borne diseases along with malaria, dengue, and chikungunya fever.
Biopharmaceutical company Merck, known as MSD outside the US and Canada, on Thursday declared a USD300,000 cash donation to support non-governmental organization (NGO) partners working in Africa to eliminate river blindness (onchocerciasis) and lymphatic filariasis (LF).
Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by filarial nematode worms and is a mosquito-borne disease that is a leading cause of morbidity worldwide.