filbert: see hazelhazel,
any plant of the genus Corylus of the family Betulaceae (birch family), shrubs or small trees with foliage similar to the related alders. They are often cultivated for ornament and for the edible nuts.
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No poisonous lookalikes. All Hazels are edible. Stems have stiff hairs. Male trees have clumps of pale yellow flowers hanging like long sausages, Female trees have tiny tiny pinks tufts on the tips of the buds. Simple rounded leaves with serrated edges. Nuts edible, encased in funky fringy wrappers. Astringent. Bark tea used for tumors, skin problems and cancers, worms, illness. Lots of healthy fats, B vitamins, E and K. Contains flavonoids that may support brain health, improve circulation and reduce symptoms associated with allergies.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(Corylus maxima), a shrub or tree of the genus Corylus of the family Corylaceae. It grows wild on the Balkan Peninsula and in southeastern Europe. The filbert is cultivated as an ornamental plant in Europe, Asia Minor (Turkey), and North America. In the USSR it is grown in the Crimea and Transcaucasia. It has been known in cultivated form since the times of ancient Greece and Rome as a nut-bearing plant, and there are many cultivated varieties. The nuts are large with a taste similar to almonds; they contain 50-60 percent fat and about 15 percent protein. The nuts of the filbert are used in the confectionery and food-processing industries.
the fruit of Corylus maxima. The fruit, a nut, has a long husk. The kernel comprises 25 to 63 percent of the mass. Filberts are edible. They are used in confections and are also valued for their oil. The major producers are the Mediterranean countries.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Either of two European plants belonging to the genus Corylus and producing a thick-shelled, edible nut. Also known as hazelnut.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. any of several N temperate shrubs of the genus Corylus, esp C. maxima, that have edible rounded brown nuts: family Corylaceae
2. the nut of any of these shrubs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005