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an establishment which dispenses liquid fuel, oil, water, and air to automobiles, motorcycles, and other motor vehicles and which sells packaged petroleum products, car accessories, and spare parts. Filling stations are located on highways and in communities with convenient access roads for automobiles. Some out-of-town filling stations have cafeterias and facilities for the technical service, routine maintenance, and washing of automobiles.
The equipment of a filling station includes fuel, oil, water, and air pumps, underground fuel, oil and electric pipelines, fire extinguishers, and a compressor. The fuel and the oil are kept in underground metal reservoirs. The pumps are placed on concrete platforms. Automation of the filling processes is very promising; it raises the capacity of the filling station and lowers fuel losses and labor requirements. Automation is achieved through such means as remote control of fuel and oil dispensing, obtaining of fuel from automatic pumps with the help of a key or a punch card, a loudspeaker communication system between the filling station operator and the pumps, and mechanization of the accounting of the filling station.
IU. L. IURKEVICH