film camera

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

film camera

A camera that exposes photographic film to light in order to take a picture. Used since the late 1800s, the film is a chemical emulsion on a plastic substrate that is sensitive to light. When exposed, an analogous image of the scene is created within the chemical layer of the material; thus, film cameras are analog cameras (see analog).

Film-based still cameras have been made for a variety of film types including 35mm, Advantix, 120, 220 and the larger 4x5 and 8x10 formats. Film movie cameras capture consecutive images (frames) on 8mm, 16mm and 35mm film. Contrast with digital camera. See cine.

Analog and Digital
Canon's popular analog Elph (bottom) used Advantix film. The digital Elph (top) added the huge advantage of instant playback. See Advanced Photo System.

Now in Flea Markets
Analog film cameras are commonly found in flea markets where this was taken. At the top are single lens reflex cameras with interchangeable lenses.

Model 3 Brownie Box Camera (1919)
Eastman Kodak sold millions of roll film Brownies from 1900 to the early 1960s. The manual advised "holding your breath" to take the picture. After pressing "flash paper" onto the lighting tray (top right), it burst into flames when a lit match was placed near the hole in the back.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nick adds: "Market trends indicate there's an increase in the use of film cameras.
also announced its decision to pull the plug on the film camera business.
Digital cameras come in models that almost perfectly duplicate what was available in film cameras.
Of course, film adds some additional cost to the film cameras, too.
Total shipments of digital cameras at home and abroad by Japanese manufacturers eclipsed those of conventional film cameras in 2002 for the first time, according to statistics compiled by the Camera & Imaging Products Association (CIPA).
And unlike traditional film cameras and editing systems, these are cheap enough that people can own their own systems.
In 2004, worldwide unit sales of consumer digital cameras are expected to surpass unit sales of worldwide film cameras.
With the digital trend gaining momentum, what does the future hold for retailers with large photo departments featuring film and traditional point-and-shoot film cameras, as well as one-hour photo processing centers?
The cameras, which are made by an Austrian company, have fans worldwide, many of whom maintain that Lomography, or "LOMO," is about more than plastic film cameras.
which helped popularize the 35 mm camera five decades ago, will stop making most of its film cameras to concentrate on digital models.
The survey results indicated that the digital camera remains the go-to capture device for the vast majority of users who also own film cameras or camera phones.
Fujifilm introduces two new 35mm film cameras at PMA 2006 that are designed to make picture taking both easy and affordable.