During the annealing the (100) crystal plane preferentially orients into the film plane
, the percentage crystallinity as well as the lateral dimensions of crystallites also increase, which is shown in the intermediate and high stretch ratio samples as sharpness of the diffraction peaks.
In contrast, as the Fe layer thickness was decreased, the intensity ratio changed gradually from 3:4:1:1:4:3 to 3:0:1:1:0:3, which is expected for the case in which the magnetization is oriented perpendicularly to the film plane
The film plane
should be as parallel with the long axes of the maxillary teeth as is practical.
A polariser is the best known and reduces the amount of light reaching the film plane
or image sensor by two stops.
Often the thermometer on the developer only indicates the tank temperature and not the film plane
The Queen's head projects about 600 mm in front of the film plane
Mount the camera on a tripod with the film plane
parallel to the impression.
For example, because film can respond to light striking at a high angle of incidence, it is possible to have sharpness across the film plane
, even at wide angles.
With the rapidly increasing use of thin film technology, where sharp axisymmetric crystallographic texture normal to the film plane
is frequently observed, the occurrence and impact of texture are rising.
Misrach is able to achieve a variety of compositions without manipulating the camera: In his notes on the photographs, he explains, "When the camera is pointed north, the rectangle of the film plane
records circular drawings; pointed south, horizontal arcs; pointed east, verticals curving up to the right; pointed west, verticals curving down to the right.
Instead of just putting a CCD array on the film plane
of a 35mm camera and accepting the fact that, because the array is smaller than the 35mm film frame, a part of the image would be lost, Nikon devised a secondary optical system that reduced the 35mm format to the size of the chip.
From the observation of the film appearance after stretching, there were many incompletely and poorly stretched parts for most cases of low strain rate stretching, and in many cases of high strain rate stretching the film was almost fully stretched over the whole film plane
, as shown in Table 3.