(redirected from film sequence)
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An umbrella term for converting movie content to TV/video. Pronounced "tel-uh-sin-ee" and "tel-uh-scene," the process was used offline to convert countless movies to videotape for ultimate distribution via TV, cable and satellite networks. The original telecine process dealt only with film to video conversion, but when digital TVs emerged in the late 1990s, telecine algorithms were built into DVD players and TVs and include frame rate conversion, deinterlacing and upconversion.

Frame Rate Conversion
Movies are shot at 24 frames per second (fps), and although advanced digital TVs support 24 fps and can display movies natively, analog TVs and many digital TVs cannot. As a result, movie material must be converted to either 30 interlaced frames or 60 progressive frames by the DVD player or TV. Since 24 does not divide evenly into 60, four progressive movie frames are converted to five interlaced or 10 progressive frames. The process, known as "3:2 pulldown" or "2:3 pulldown," cannot create a flawless copy of the original movie because 24 does not divide evenly into 30 or 60 (see below).

Reverse the Pulldown
Although new movies on DVD are in the progressive 24 fps format (24p), older movies on videotape, which have previously undergone the telecine process and contain the 3:2 conversion, are sometimes recorded on DVDs. If a DVD player or digital TV supports "cadence correction," it reverses any 3:2 cadences it finds back to full film frames before it applies any telecine processes (see cadence correction). See deinterlace, upconvert, 120 Hz and DCDi.

Convert to Interlaced Video
When converting to interlaced video, each movie frame is turned into two or three video fields, which creates an uneven distribution. In addition, a movie frame may get split into odd and even video frames (note red asterisks above "*"). As a result, unwanted artifacts are created if there is a dramatic change of color, brightness or motion from one movie frame to another. See 120 Hz.

Movies to Progressive Video
When converting to progressive scan at 60 fps (60p), each movie frame is turned into four or six video frames, creating an uneven distribution. However, unlike conversion to interlaced video, there is no chance of odd/even splitting in the final frames. Converting 24p to 60p is essentially a 6:4 pulldown process.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Men's and women's faces, African ancestor figures, and images copied from album covers, vintage magazines, advertising, and pornographic romance novels as well as scientific, medical, and anthropological illustrations constructed a scene reminiscent of a film sequence. By emphasizing the spatial dimensions of the room, especially its corners, and letting the drawing spill over onto the floor, Dr.
For teaching purposes, each brief clip comes with its own tape log that lists the segment number, clip length, age of child, content of film sequence, and suggested discussion points.
A MOVIE company spent pounds 6000 on a special film sequence, then had to bin it because of sunbathing extras.
The changes in the drawing of the factory, by contrast, were narratively driven, and made for the sake of the photographs, because it is through them, as a film sequence, that a story is told.
The first half hour of Up in Smoke may be the best film sequence in Baked Potato history, possibly in the history of art as we know it.
There have also been instances when we have criticised decisions made by the parliamentary side of the Assembly - for example when the previous Presiding Officer ruled that a James Bond film sequence should not be filmed in the Senedd debating chamber.
Rail commuters last November were surprised and excited when Bollywood star Amitabh Bachchan travelled in a local train from CST to Bhandup for a film sequence of a TV series Aaj Ki Raat.
Act 2 opens with a True Hollywood Story film sequence telling the `real life story'of Dame Edna Everage - hysterical from the outset, it was just a foretaste of what was to come when the Aussie superstar housewife made her grand stage entrance.
In a film sequence Kelly was required to give the Collins cheek a discreet peck.
When the actors emerge from the film sequence onto the stage, there's a beautiful blend of cinema and the tangible world of the stage.
One well-known Godard film, the 1976 documentary "Here and There," depicts the parallel lives of a French family and a Palestinian one, and contains a controversial film sequence juxtaposing images of Adolf Hitler and Golda Meir, Israel's first female prime minister and known as its "Iron Lady."