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see motion picturesmotion pictures,
movie-making as an art and an industry, including its production techniques, its creative artists, and the distribution and exhibition of its products (see also motion picture photography; Motion Picture Cameras under camera).
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a series of sequential photographic images, or frames, associated with a single subject and intended for reproduction on a screen.

In modern cinematography, the following classifications of films are used: feature motion pictures, television films, animated cartoons, newsreel and documentary films, scientific films, educational films, and amateur films. Other classifications correspond to thematic content (historical and adventure films and comedies), cinematographic and projection techniques (silent, sound, black-and-white, color, wide-screen, large-format, panoramic, stereoscopic, and multiscreen films), and projection duration (full-length and short films). Special-purpose films include microfilms, test films, advertising films, and souvenir films.

Most films are produced at specialized motion-picture studios by groups of artistic workers and technical specialists, who use a variety of cinematographic equipment while filming on the studio sets and on location. Films for scientific, technical, and educational purposes are often produced in the motion-picture laboratories of research institutes and educational institutions. Amateur films are usually made in amateur motion-picture studios at clubs, educational institutions, and enterprises, as well as by individual amateurs.


What does it mean when you dream about a film?

One way of examining parts of ourselves we do not wish to look at is to dream that we are seeing them portrayed in a film. Alternatively, it can mean escaping reality.


A thin, membranous skin, such as a pellicle.
The layer adjacent to the valve metal in an electrochemical valve, in which is located the high voltage drop when current flows in the direction of high impedance.
(graphic arts)
Plastic material, such as cellulose acetate or cellulose nitrate, coated with a light-sensitive emulsion, used to make negatives or transparencies in radiography or photography.
A flat section of material that is extremely thin in comparison to its other dimensions and has a nominal maximum thickness of 250 micrometers and a lower limit of thickness of about 25 micrometers. Also known as self-supported film.
A pathological opacity, as of the cornea.
Oxide coating on a metal.


A layer of one or more coats of paint or varnish covering an object or surface.


a. a sequence of images of moving objects photographed by a camera and providing the optical illusion of continuous movement when projected onto a screen
b. a form of entertainment, information, etc., composed of such a sequence of images and shown in a cinema, etc.
c. (as modifier): film techniques
2. a thin flexible strip of cellulose coated with a photographic emulsion, used to make negatives and transparencies
3. Pathol an abnormally opaque tissue, such as the cornea in some eye diseases


Film is an analog method for recording still photos and moving images. Following Daguerreotype photography (see image), still image film was invented by George Eastman in 1885, who founded Eastman Kodak Company three years later.

Film is a strip of plastic coated with an emulsion of light-sensitive silver halide crystals. In monochrome film, the crystals absorb the light. In the development process, they become silver and block the light to become the black areas on the negative. Color film has layers of color sensitive dyes starting on top: blue; yellow to prevent blue leakage; green-blue and red-blue. In development, the color dyes are retained and combine to form the colored image. See film camera.

Roundhay Garden Scene (1888)
Not long after Eastman's invention, French inventor Louis Le Prince made a two-second silent "moving picture," considered to be the oldest surviving movie film.

In the Antique Shop
Kodak film, which is still being made, may some day be history. Years ago, signs such as this were everywhere, but this one was for sale in an antique shop.
References in periodicals archive ?
Repeating this process over a range of ring-liner clearances (Figure 5), the dependency of the average hydrodynamic pressure [P.sub.h] on the oil film thickness h is derived.
From Figure 2, it is concluded that the crystallinity of 40 nm film thickness improved with rising annealing temperature, resulting in the degree of crystallinity dependence on the heating temperatures during annealing process.
After turning on the spin coater and before starting the LIBS measurements or stopping the rotation to photograph the film surface, we waited at least 30 s to stabilize first the rotation speed and successively the liquid film thickness.
Therefore, the film thickness needs to be set to a thickness at which partial discharge does not occur.
Figure 1 shows the results of theoretical calculations based on three-dimensional Reynolds equation of the oil film thickness of the main bearings.
The model computes water film thickness based on rainfall intensity and pavement surface properties, the maximum amount of water available for splash and spray, and the contribution of each splash and spray mechanism until the total amount of available water is exhausted.
This model generates hydrodynamic pressure fields and minimum hydrodynamic film thickness profiles as functions of engine crankshaft rotation of 720 degree, apart from calculating the friction coefficient.
Therefore, the mesh around the cylindrical substrate is refined by adding 40-60 layers of mesh to increase the mesh density, because it is required to be sufficiently high in order to capture all the flow features and coating film thickness. Alternatively, to optimize the simulation time, a coarse mesh is used for areas far from the substrate.
In this study a constant value of minimum film thickness 75 [micro]m has been kept under consideration [5].
The LaMn[O.sub.3+[delta]]/LAO presents a large variation of electrical transport properties with the increase of film thickness. For the 30 nm LaMn[O.sub.3+[delta]]/LAO, it exhibits insulating behavior in the whole temperature range.