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finance, theory and practice of conducting large public and private dealings in money. Important institutions of private finance include those that deal with insurance, banking, stocks (see stock), bonds, and other securities. With the development of the national state, public finance—the management of the revenues, expenditures, and debts of the state—has been of great political, as well as economic, importance. The most important source of government revenue is taxes, but sale of public properties and franchises, as well as the sale of interest-bearing bonds, also contribute. Since the Korean War, a large part of governmental expenditures has gone for various military and defense needs. Other important areas of governmental expenditure are health, education, and welfare (the Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid programs); interest on the national debt; and public works. Important institutions of international finance are the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund.


See D. Allen, Finance (1983); D. Swain, Managing Public Money (1987); L. Harris et al., ed., New Perspectives on the Financial System (1988); N. Gianaris, Contemporary Public Finance (1989).

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See also Money.
the Paris stock exchange. [Fr. Commerce: Misc.]
Dow Jones
the best known of several U.S. indexes of movements in price on Wall Street. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 202]
Lombard Street
London bankers’ row; named for 13th-century Italian moneylenders. [Br. Hist.: Plumb, 15]
Old Lady of Threadneedle Street
nickname for the Bank of England. [Br. Culture: Misc.]
goddess of commerce. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 88]
Rockefeller, John
D(avison) (1839–1937) multimillionaire oil tycoon and financier, [Am. Hist.: EB, VIII: 623]
Throgmorton Street
location of Stock Exchange; by extension, financial world. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1079]
Wall Street N.Y.C.
financial district. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 530]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. funds or the provision of funds
2. funds; financial condition
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For further information, write Center for Long-Term Care Financing, 2212 Queen Anne Avenue North, #110, Seattle, WA 98109; phone (206) 283-7036; fax (206) 283-6536; e-mail; or visit
He created the first-ever tax-exempt tobacco financing for the city of New York in 1999, and since then he has senior-managed tobacco settlement financing deals in excess of $4.5 billion.
The contents of auto finance companies tend to be more and more diverse, which is embodies in financing object, the type of finance service, and the regions.
Wells Fargo Equipment Finance provides competitive fixed- and floating-rate loans and leases covering a full range of commercial equipment for businesses nationwide as well as floor planning and inventory financing, and vendor programs in selected industries in the United States and Canada.
By the end of 2013, TAF reported financing the purchases of 61,400 units of cars including second hand cars other than Toyota making up almost 5%.
Paul Greenbaum, managing member of GCP Capital Group LLC, arranged the financing.
SCF is a combination of technology solutions and services that link buyers, their suppliers and financing providers to optimize the visibility, financing cost and the delivery of cash on the occurrence of one or several supply chain events.
Their successes demonstrate that public financing of elections is a practical, proven reform.
"The first is to support John Deere equipment sales by providing financing to our customers.
"As many brokers do, we make premium financing available to commercial customers who have need for it," Counselman said.
Houlihan Lokey Howard & Zukin, an international investment bank established in 1970, provides a wide range of services, including mergers and acquisitions, financing, financial opinions and advisory services, and financial restructuring.
Energy company Enersis is one Chilean firm that has boosted financing due to the improved economic climate.

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