(redirected from finger splint)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


rigid or semiflexible device for the immobilization of displaced or fractured parts of the body. Most commonly employed for fractures of bones, a splint may be a first-aid measure that allows the patient to be moved without displacing the injured part, or it may be a means of fixation to immobilize the bones until healing is complete. Any material that offers the degree of resistance required may be used for a temporary splint, e.g., cloth, gauze, plaster, or metal. Splints made of plastic and fiberglass are now molded to fit specific parts of the body. Air splints are made of rubber or plastic that can be blown up to effectively immobilize a limb.



a device for immobilizing injured parts of the body. A splint is applied to a fracture, sprain, or areas with extensive injury to soft tissues; it is also applied in cases of inflammatory diseases of the limbs, in cases of burns, and after surgery on bones, blood vessels, and nerves in the extremities. A distinction is made between transport and therapeutic splints.

Transport splints are applied as a first-aid remedy before the victim is transported to a medical facility. The purpose is to immobilize the injured part and prevent the development of traumatic shock or increased bleeding when bone fragments are moved. Standard transport splints are made of wood, of wire (several types measuring 75 to 100 cm in length and 6 to 10 cm in width are available), which easily conforms to the contour of the limb regardless of the site of the injury, or of plastic. There are also pneumatic and vacuum types. If standard splints are not available, immobilization during transport can be achieved by improvising splints from available materials, such as a board, a ski, a piece of plywood, or a stick. In applying a transport splint it is important that the two segments adjoining the injured one also be immobilized. For example, in the case of a shin fracture, the splint is secured to the foot, crus, and thigh by bandages; in the case of a shoulder fracture, it is applied to the forearm, shoulder, and chest. The splint should be padded with soft material to prevent ulcération.

Therapeutic splints are used for extended immobilization, for the length of time required for a fracture to heal. For example, metal splints are used in skeletal traction. In stomatology, splints made of wire or quick-hardening plastic, special appliances, or arches are used to immobilize the parts in fractures of the upper or lower jaw and after ostéoplastie surgery of the jaw.



A stiff or flexible material applied to an anatomical part in order to protect it, immobilize it, or restrict its motion.


1. a rigid support for restricting movement of an injured part, esp a broken bone
2. Vet science inflammation of the small metatarsal or metacarpal bones along the side of the cannon bone of a horse
References in periodicals archive ?
My informant claimed that in the vicinity of FIJIBAT you could see scores of Palestinians with finger splints. Alas, I never found any.
That purchase brought to Flents the latest styles of high-quality pill boxes (which now include the E-Z Scoop, AM/PM, 1-Week Pill Cabinet, etc.), dosage spoons, medical syringes, finger splints and medical accessories.
this procurement exercise is for the supply of the following products: - casting tape - plaster of paris - back slab - casting shoes - undercast padding rolls, sheets & foam - stockinette - associated products for casting - splinting o synthetic splinting o finger splints o associated products for splinting we will go to market with an initial group of identified participants: 1) birmingham communit
That acquisition included the latest styles of pill boxes, dosage spoons, finger splints and medical accessories, such as the Comfees EZ Scoop pill box targeted to senior citizens.
"We built our reputation by supplying high-quality medical identification bracelets, finger splints and other products at competitive price points," says Health Enterprises president Glenn Leman.