Mr Griffiths said: "Homes on the periphery of commons are in danger where there is a mass of fire load
Thus less wiring is required, reducing investment costs and the fire load
, and hence fire safety costs.
High fire risk processes and equipment should be located away from centres of occupation; the potential spread of fire restricted by sub-dividing the building into compartments, separated by fire-resisting walls and floors; and careful attention paid to the selection of building materials, particularly wall and ceiling linings, to ensure they are not themselves combustible and likely to add to either the fire load
of the building, or the rapid spread of flames.
"The fire load
in the house was quite high as there were a lot of newspapers and clothing.
Long-term studies on building fires highlighted that the fire load
density (up to 1 therm[ft.sup.-2] or 1135 MJ[m.sup.-2], Fire Services Department 2012) of buildings in Hong Kong is very high, due to the excess storage of movable combustibles including clothing, books and plastic products.
Therefore, the overall severity of the fire will be less than that in a comparable scenario (same room size and fire load
) having a shorter duration of stage R3 due to a larger ventilation opening, for example.
If there are no suitable statistical data available, the fire load
distribution can be used for evaluation.
Heavy snow and arctic temperatures in early 2011 had given way to the driest spring for 30 years, with frost-killed vegetation adding to the fire load
In short, it requires the optimization of a warfighter's action-perception capabilities within some level of ballistic protection and a mission-specific "fire load
." A warfighter's ability to maintain situational awareness and accurately engage the enemy transfers directly to the survivability and mobility of the squad and the ability to execute collective tasks.
Handlers are selected from local/county/state law enforcement agencies and fire departments based on factors such as their fire load
, support from local departments and cities and at least a five-year commitment to the program, Paul said.
A more specific sampling of topics to give an idea of the highly technical level: effects of rare earths on austenite grain growth behavior in X80 pipeline steel, the passive energy-dissipation study of braced steel frame structure, design capacity of T-strut subject to compressive force, numerical analysis of pre-stressed steel trusses subjected to fire load
, crack controlling research of concrete foundation for large equipment in winter, and properties of oxidated carbon fibers reinforced cement.
The preliminary experiments presented demonstrated that AE method can successfully be used to investigate deterioration of concrete under fire load
. Signal-based AE techniques can produce detailed 3D picture of the fracture process during fire loading.