fire-danger meter

fire-danger meter

[′fīr ‚dān·jər ‚mēd·ər]
(engineering)
A graphical aid used in fire-weather forecasting to calculate the degree of forest-fire danger (or burning index): commonly in the form of a circular slide rule, it relates numerical indices of the seasonal stage of foliage, the cumulative effect of past precipitation or lack thereof (buildup index), the measured fuel moisture, and the speed of the wind in the woods; the fuel moisture is determined by weighing a special type of wooden stick that has been exposed in the woods, its weight being proportional to its contained water; the calculated burning index falls on a scale of 1 to 100: 1 to 11 is no fire danger; 12 to 35 medium danger; 40 to 100 high danger.