NFPA theorizes that high-rises are more likely to have fire-resistive construction
and wet pipe sprinklers to limit flame spread.
Topics include building heights and areas, types of construction, fire-resistive construction
, interior finishes, accessibility, interior environment, energy efficiency, roofs and walls, and more related topics.
Shannon: Just like many facilities built before the 1980s, applied combinations of fire-resistive construction
and materials were used as the preferred method of construction in nursing homes.
Fire walls separating records storage compartments shall be a minimum of 4-hour fire-resistive construction
. Fire-resistive construction
shall be in accordance with NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction."
is composed of heavy masonry material (with no exposed steel) and will withstand fire exposure for a period of time.
These products are installed primarily in two applications: 1) around penetrations that are made in fire-resistive construction
for the passage of pipes, cables, or HVAC systems, and 2) where two assemblies meet, forming a expansion joint such as the top of a wall, curtainwall (edge of slab), or floor-to-floor joints.
Very few high-rise building fires spread beyond the room or floor where the fire first starts because many high-rise buildings have sprinklers, smoke detectors and fire-resistive construction
. Even though there are comprehensive requirements for fire protection systems in new and existing high rises, differences exist in building codes and safety standards.