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see pyrotechnicspyrotechnics
, technology of making and using fireworks. Gunpowder was used in fireworks by the Chinese as early as the 9th cent., and it was they who brought fireworks to a high stage of development. The use of fireworks for display has spread throughout the world.
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a decorative display of fire, produced by burning pyrotechnic compositions containing metal salts that color the flame. A firework display consists of fiery figures that change their color and shape in a fantastic manner. Such displays sometimes resemble a fountain of sparks and are often accompanied by sound effects, such as claps and blank shots. In English, the term “firework” means a device used to produce such a display.

The art of making fireworks was known in China and India several centuries before the Common Era. Italy was the first European country in which fireworks were made. Large-scale firework displays were put on in Vicenza, Italy, in 1379; in Augsburg, Germany, in 1519; in Warwick, England, in 1572; and in Fontainebleau, France, in 1606 and 1612. Fireworks, such as Bengal lights and skyrockets, were first manufactured in Japan in the 17th century and in Europe in the 18th century. In Russia, the first firework display was put on in the city of Velikii Ustiug in 1674.

A firework usually consists of a cardboard or plastic case, an ejection charge, a combustible powder, and small cylindrical or spherical masses of pyrotechnic composition called stars. Stars consist of oxidizers, salts that color the flames, and substances that serve as fuels and agglutinants. Ground fireworks are used to create such fiery figures as waterfalls, fountains, emblems, and slogans. The outlines of various pictorial, or lancework, pieces can be produced by igniting a large number of lances, or small cases of color composition, mounted on wooden or metallic frames.


Solodovnikov, V. M. Pirotekhnika: Proizvodstvo i szhiganie feierverka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Shidlovskii, A., A. Sidorov, and V. Antonov. “Iskusstvo upravleniia ognem.” Nauka i zhizn’, 1971, no. 6.
Fireworks. New York, 1972.


References in periodicals archive ?
A search of the vehicle disclosed a considerable amount of fireworks which were seized by the council officers.
In 2002, fires started by fireworks caused $26 million in direct property damage to structures, and fireworks-related fires have caused roughly $20 million in property loss to structures per year in inflation-adjusted dollars in the past decade, according to the National Fire Protection Association.
B) LIFT CHARGE: An explosive, containing black powder, propels fireworks skyward.
Now they are clamping down in the run-up to November 5, to ensure fireworks are not used in anti-social behaviour.
The planned changes follow a campaign, led by people in Coventry, for action over noise and nuisance from fireworks.
Tom Watson, the Labour MP for West Bromwich East, said that while new legislation would help to end the misery caused by the anti-social misuse of fireworks, there would still be a number of problems this year.
26/09 - Fireworks thrown while hundreds of loyalists rioted in the Crumlin area, injuring 33 cops.
Amano, 30, recently traveled from Tokyo to the shores of the Kamanashi River in the Kofu basin, Yamanashi Prefecture, to view a trial display of fireworks prior to a large pyrotechnic display scheduled for this summer.
The best way to enjoy fireworks is to see a professional fireworks show.
Under the reason for recalling, the commission wrote, "The fireworks can explode unexpectedly after being lit, posing burn and injury hazards to customers.