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Related to fistula: enterocutaneous fistula


fistula (fĭsˈcho͝olə), abnormal, usually ulcerous channellike formation between two internal organs or between an internal organ and the skin. It may follow a surgical procedure with improper healing, or it may be caused by injury, abscess, or infection with penetration deep enough to reach another organ or the skin. When open at only one end it is called an incomplete fistula or sinus. The most common sites of fistula are the rectum and the urinary organs, but almost any part of the body may be affected. Rectal fistulas are often associated with colitis, cancer, sexually transmitted diseases, and other disorders. Usually a fistula requires surgery. In horses an abscess on the withers from chafing and infection is termed a fistula.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an abnormal passage between hollow organs or between an organ, body cavity, or focus of disease and the body surface. Usually in the form of a narrow canal lined with epithelium or granulations, it continuously discharges pus, mucus, bile, urine, or feces.

Congenital fistulas, for example, umbilical fistulas, are developmental anomalies. Acquired fistulas result from such chronic inflammations as osteomyelitis, from tumors, or from injuries. Fistulas are usually treated by surgery.

It is sometimes necessary to create artificial fistulas surgically. They may connect hollow organs, in which case they are called internal fistulas, or anastomoses. An example is gastroenteroanastomosis in cicatricial stenosis of the outlet of the stomach.

Gastrostomy is the establishment of an external fistula, or stoma, for artificial feeding. External fistulas also permit the discharge of urine or feces. For example, cystostoma is a fistula of the urinary bladder formed when the urethra is compressed by a tumor. With external fistulas, care must be taken to avoid irritating or infecting the surrounding skin.


Struchkov, V. I. Gnoinaia khirurgiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An abnormal congenital or acquired communication between two surfaces or between a viscus or other hollow structure and the exterior.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


In ancient Roman construction, a water pipe of lead or earthenware.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Pathol an abnormal opening between one hollow organ and another or between a hollow organ and the surface of the skin, caused by ulceration, congenital malformation, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Prof Haq stressed the need for launching awareness campaigns to guide women about causes of fistula, saying that poverty, lack of family planning and trained health staff and inadequate health facilities were contributing to the spread of fistula in the province, but the society was not paying attention to this issue.
'Provincial Government established three centers for fistula treatment in Balochistan but due to lack of funds, new fistula cases being surfaced in the province.'
Mulbah explains that nearly all of the 15 fistula survivors who were recruited for the surgical campaign were victimized by obstetric fistula-childbearing injury- in the last six months.
Mueni resigned to her fate and withdrew from social activities due to the shame and stigma attached to fistula.
Fistula can be clearly demonstrated in 3D reformatted CT images.
Clinical presentation of coronary arteriovenous fistula according to age and anatomic orientation.
There was a fistula that opened into the scar at its lower end with associated drainage of scanty feculent material.
As she tried to come to terms with that, she discovered that she had developed obstetric fistula. It took her 12 long years to understand what was happening to her body and a few more to get help.
(12) classified perianal fistulas as intersphincteric, transsphincteric, suprasphincteric, and extrasphincteric fistula.
Results: A total of 89 (60 males, mean age 44.2 +- 14 years and 29 females mean age 42.6 +- 12 years) patients underwent brachiobasilic fistula elevation.
Kulsum was affected with fistula while giving birth to her first child.
Sharjah: A Sharjah hospital has claimed that one of its surgeons has performed the UAE's first laparoscopic surgery to correct vesicouterine fistula (VUF) on a 30-year-old mother, saving the woman from relatively greater pain that a conventional surgery would have caused.