Practically, presence of a fixed bias
suggests that the measurements from one administrator would consistently be offset compared with those of the other administrator, whereas proportional bias suggests that measurement differences between administrators are dependent on the magnitude of the measurement (e.
For cholesterol, all assays performed within the 4% fixed bias
limits (Beckman AU was borderline at high concentration), but not within the 2% optimal limit.
Sensor faults, including complete failure, fixed bias
, drifting bias and precision degradation, inevitably occur in long-used air-handling unit.
In these simulations the trend line passes through the mean of the difference scores, which has an expected value of zero, so there is no so-called fixed bias
The switch operates using a negative control voltage of 0/-5 V, and requires a fixed bias
of -5 V.
An exact expression has been obtained for the distribution of random walkers after any number of steps with a fixed bias
to persist in the direction of the previous step.
Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a symmetrical distribution of residuals around a fixed bias
7V, it is suitable for Li-Ion battery powered devices that require a 5V fixed bias
for an ASIC, as well as USB peripherals.
The DC power consumption of a dynamic ET amplifier with impedance compensation is statistically 37 percent that of a fixed bias
Therefore, most applications simply use a fixed bias
voltage and ballast resistors, as seen in Figure 1.