The range addressable hyperbolic tangent activation function for second order lattice-ladder neuron in a fixed-point arithmetic
is successfully implemented on xc7z020 FPGA chip.
When discrete-time systems are implemented in finite word length processor using fixed-point arithmetic
, nonlinearities are introduced due to quantization and overflow.
For performance optimization the controller code was implemented using fixed-point arithmetic
It employed ordinary base-10 fixed-point arithmetic
, according to the museum statement.
is often used for the computations because of the cost reasons--floating point calculations significantly increase the size of the design and make it more complex.
Using the 6-dB-per-bit rule, 16-bit recordings are capable of a 96-dB dynamic range, while 24-bit fixed-point arithmetic
improves the dynamic range to 144 dB.
After testing numerous competing products, we found the Filter Design Toolbox provided the best range of fixed-point arithmetic
parameters, filter architectures and operational statistics," said Richard Hewitt, senior DSP and software consultant at Toracomm.
Ada 83 supplied a fixed-point arithmetic
facility that was a close semantic match for the requirements of exact decimal computation.
The codec using 10 bit constants is lossy because of fixed-point arithmetic