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see spirespire,
high, tapering structure crowning a tower and having a general pyramidal outline. The simplest spires were the steeply pitched timber roofs capping Romanesque towers and campaniles. In later Romanesque architecture the spire was commonly octagonal, topping a square tower.
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A comparatively small and slender spire, usually located above the ridge of a roof, especially one rising from the intersection of the nave and transept roofs of Gothic churches.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a field fortification used until the early 20th century. Flèches, which were sometimes permanent, were a type of redan with two faces, each 20–30 m long, that formed an obtuse angle, with the apex pointing in the direction of the enemy. They were built to cover important axes and points; an example is the Bagration flèches at the battle of Borodino of 1812, which were located near the village of Semenovskaia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A spire, usually comparatively small and slender, above the ridge of a roof, particularly one rising from the intersection of the nave and transept roofs of Gothic churches.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.