Flail

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flail

[flāl]
(agriculture)
A manual device for threshing consisting of a long wooden handle with a free-swinging stick attached to the end.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Flail

 

a primitive agricultural implement for threshing grain, consisting of a wooden handle up to 2 m long and a short (up to 0.8 m) beater connected by a rawhide strap.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

flail

A device for breaking or crushing material by means of one or more hammers which are hinged or pivoted about a rotating axle.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was determined that although flail chest incidence is the lowest, it has the highest mortality rate.
Addition of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery to the treatment of flail chest. Ann Thorac Surg 2017;103:940-4.
Just under a decade ago in 2009 a survey undertaken among trauma surgeons, orthopaedic surgeons, and thoracic surgeons (17) found that most of these professionals believed that nonoperative management was sufficient for flail chest. Since then that attitude seems to have changed towards a more operative approach and this has been supported by a number of RCTs.
Reinforcement with rigid prosthesis such as methyl methacrylate or metallic plates are required to avoid anterior flail chest and protect mediastinal organs.
Chest surgical stabilization is only indicated when the patient requires a thoracotomy for other reasons or has massive flail chest that might not be solved with mechanical ventilation [19].
He said Mr Ebbrell suffered a compound fracture to his right elbow, fractured pelvis and multiple fractures to his ribs, described as an "unstable flail chest".
"Let's needle him," Swartz said, after assessing a patient with a "flail chest," or multiple rib fractures, and trouble breathing.
A flail chest occurs when three or more adjacent segmental rib fractures or five or more contiguous single fractures are present.
Extrapulmonary thoracic disease such as flail chest or severe kyphoscoliosis.
A comparative study of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and intermittent pressure ventilation (IPPV) in patients with flail chest. Emerg Med J 2005; 22: 325-329.
Clinical signs of thoracic aortic injury include evidence of external thoracic trauma, sternal fracture, hypotension, diminished or absent femoral pulses, upper extremity hypertension and flail chest. Because the physical exam and chest radiograph often are normal or nondiagnostic, the mechanism of injury should drive clinical suspicion and trigger emergent aortography.