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Spanish music and dance typical of the RomaniRomani
or Romany
, people known historically in English as Gypsies and their language.

1 A traditionally nomadic people with particular folkways and a unique language, found on every continent; they are sometimes also called Roma, from the name of a major
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 (Gypsy), or gitano. Flamenco dancing is characterized by colorful costumes, intense and erotic movements, stamping of the feet (zapateado), and clapping of the hands (palmada); its execution is brilliant, noisy, and passionate. Flamenco music is believed to have originated in the early 19th cent. from the canto hondo [Sp.,=deep song] of Andalusia, a highly emotional and tragic type of song accompanied by a guitar. By the mid-19th cent. flamenco had become a generally popular entertainment form, and it subsequently flourished, both in its pure form and with the addition of elements from ballet, folk music, jazz, and other forms. Among the most notable flamenco dancers have been La Argentina (Antonia Mercé y Luque, 1890–1936), Vicente Escudero (1892–1980), La Argentinita (Encarnación López Júlvez, 1898–1945), Carmen Amaya (1913–63), José GrecoGreco, José
, 1918–2001, Spanish-American dancer and choreographer, b. Italy. Greco emigrated to the United States as a child. He first appeared as a professional dancer in New York in Carmen
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, El Bailarín (Antonio Ruiz Soler, 1921–96), El Farruco (Antonio Montoya Flores, 1936–97) and his grandson, Farruquito (Juan Manuel Fernández, 1982–), and Jesús Carmona (1986–).


See D. E. Pohren, Lives and Legends of Flamenco: A Biographical History (1964) and The Art of Flamenco (1971); J. Serrano, Flamenco, Body and Soul: An Aficionado's Introduction (1990); T. Mitchell, Flamenco Deep Song (1994); Flamenco (film, 1995), dir. by Carlos Saura.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


1. a type of dance music for vocal soloist and guitar, characterized by elaborate melody and sad mood
2. the dance performed to such music
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Alonso has been performing and composing Spanish guitar inspired music -- Flamenco, classical, Latin, Spanish, Spanish-Jazz -- nationally and internationally since 2002.
The research develops a methodology based on three approaches to demonstrate the gap between the legal protection and the importance of the performer for the flamenco song.
The team includedthe best dancers, guitarists, cantors (vocalists) and percussionists who dedicate their lives to what is called "puroflamenco" - a pure true flamenco in all its diversity.
Largely considered one of the most important figures in contemporary flamenco, Gades founded his company in 1961 and went on to perform in some of the world's most prestigious venues.
A: Flamenco music has evolved a lot since its birth.
[beaucoup moins que]C'est un moment special parce que on demarre la saison de 2017/2018 avec cette exposition de photographies, mais aussi on commence de la deux edition du festival du Flamenco Maroc[beaucoup plus grand que], a-t-il dit.
Critique: Informed and informative, "The Spirit of Flamenco: From Spain to New Mexico" is an extraordinarily illustrated compendium that lays out the history of this distinctive folk dance.
Fuentes will be joined by Spanish flamenco singer Jua[+ or -]arito, the son and nephew of legendary flamenco vocalists, and by guitarist Bobby de Sofia.
12, this is the eighth year of the annual Ankara International Flamenco Festival, a joint effort between the Ankara Flamenco Association and the Spanish Embassy in Ankara.