* flash smelting
of bulk copper-nickel concentrate in two new Inco flash furnaces;
Codelco, the world's largest copper producer, and Finnish metals and technology group, Outokumpu, have agreed to jointly develop and implement a new copper flash smelting
application at Codelco's Chuquicamata smelter in Chile.
The agreement covers Outotec Flash Smelting
licence, the supply of proprietary process equipment and services for Zijin's copper smelter project in Shanghang in Fujian Province.
The smelting and converting equipment is being replaced by Outokumpu flash smelting
and Kennecott Outokumpu flash converting technology.
on the modernisation of KGHM's HM Glogow II copper flash smelting
furnace in Poland.
The combination of flash smelting
and flash converting has been discussed by Hanniala(25).