flat foot


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flat foot,

condition of the human footfoot,
in anatomy, terminal part of the land vertebrate leg. The term is also applied to any invertebrate appendage used either for locomotion or attachment, e.g., the legs of insects and crustacea, and the single locomotive appendage of the clam.
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 in which the entire sole rests on the ground when the person is standing. When the foot muscles are weakened or the ligaments are strained and stretched, the arch lowers, so that instead of the natural curved contour, there is flattening of the entire sole. Sometimes no discomfort accompanies flat foot. However, fallen arches may cause disalignment of other foot structures so that there is pain not only in the arch area but also in the calf muscles and sometimes as far up as the lower back; the discomfort is increased by prolonged standing. Flat foot may be inherited or may be caused by rickets, obesity, metabolic disorder, debilitating disease, or faulty footwear. Treatment and exercise directed by an orthopedic physician are sometimes advisable. Arch supports or other devices to be worn inside the shoe are often prescribed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Subjects were classified as normal or flat footed according to their arch height ratio (AHR).
Our results suggest, that the time of foot contact for navicular bone was in average 150% higher in flat foot subjects.
This paper intends to demonstrate the positive influence of the proposed recovery program which includes means and exercise complexes of correcting the flat foot. One has emphasized the geometrical parameters of the sole to the pupils engaged in the study, pupils having a physical deficiency, the flat foot, before and after implementing the exercise complex.
Arch index (arch width/heel width) (Figure 3) was measured on weight-bearing podograms to assess the height of the medial arch (severity of flat foot).
Meaning that there is no significant difference for observing flat foot in both groups of women with urinary continence and with stress urinary incontinence (p = 0.486).
The study by Sachithanandam and Joseph (11) also suggests an association between time of footwear use and flat foot presence.
The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of medical insoles on balance during walking in persons with flat foot was.
"Before this study, we were not sure whether you could salvage patients with flat foot and ankle deformity and correct their ankle as well as their foot deformity.
He was a bit flat footed, so I got on my toes and jabbed.
Marshall was bizarrely beaten when Morgan Amalfitano caught him flat footed with a cross that ended up in the net.
Washington, Sept 1 (ANI): One would think wearing a pair of high-heeled Jimmy Choos was painful for your ankles, but many a time, habitual stiletto wearers feel discomfort while walking flat footed.